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The human capital heterogeneity at the Russian labor market

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  • Borisov Gleb

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Abstract

The study raises the problem of human capital heterogeneity at the Russian labor market caused by non-random distribution of unobservable skills across the population of a transition country. At the beginning of the transition, people who were grown up in different times or cultures have distinct moral norms, behavioral patterns, preferences and the knowledge. This results in the differences in unobservable abilities and earnings capacity of people. We argue that cohort, a pre-transition occupation, an urban place of birth, and nationality might serve as proxies for unobservable skills in the transition. The cohort effects were separated by two ways. According to the first one, the logarithm of the real wages index was used as a proxy for current period. The second one is based on an assumption on the form of age-earnings profiles in Russia. The estimation results reveal the significance of all the proxies for unobservable abilities and the robustness of estimates. At the same time, conditioning of the effects of cohort and pre-transition occupation on gender is discovered.

Suggested Citation

  • Borisov Gleb, 2005. "The human capital heterogeneity at the Russian labor market," EERC Working Paper Series 01-151e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
  • Handle: RePEc:eer:wpalle:01-151e
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Blinder, Alan S & Weiss, Yoram, 1976. "Human Capital and Labor Supply: A Synthesis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(3), pages 449-472, June.
    6. Mark C. Berger & John S. Earle & Klara Sabirianova, 2001. "Worker Training in a Restructuring Economy: Evidence from the Russian Transition," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers,in: Soloman W. Polachek (ed.), Worker Wellbeing in a Changing Labor Market, pages 159-189 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Russia; transition; labor market; human capital; heterogeneity; vintage effect; cohort effect; earnings function; identification problem;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects

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