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STI-DUI innovation modes and firm performance in the Indian capital goods industry: Do small firms differ from large ones?

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  • Nanditha Mathew

    (UNU-MERIT)

  • George Paily

    (UNU-MERIT)

Abstract

Despite the importance of informal modes of learning and innovation for developing countries, there is little empirical evidence on their role in firm performance. This paper examines the effect of formal and informal learning modes followed by small and large firms on their overall performance in the capital goods industry. Following the wider literature on national innovation systems, we categorise the innovation modes as formal Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) and informal learning by Doing, Using and Interacting (DUI) mode. We observe that in the case of small firms the informal learning and experience-based innovation is related to improved performance, while the formal STI mode does not have any effect. On the other hand, for large firms, both STI and DUI innovation modes are positively related to their sales growth. Our results indicate that building certain DUI capabilities may act as a pre-condition to enhance the strength of science and technology-based innovation strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Nanditha Mathew & George Paily, 2022. "STI-DUI innovation modes and firm performance in the Indian capital goods industry: Do small firms differ from large ones?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 435-458, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:47:y:2022:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-021-09862-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-021-09862-5
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