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Modes of Innovation and Differentiated Responses to Globalisation—A Case Study of Innovation Modes in the Agder Region, Norway


  • Heidi Aslesen


  • Arne Isaksen


  • James Karlsen



The main argument of this paper is that firms and industries are dominated by different innovation modes and that they therefore respond differently to challenges of globalisation. The paper differentiates between three modes: science, technology and innovation (STI), doing, using and interacting (DUI) application mode and the DUI technological mode. These innovation modes are based on different dominant knowledge bases, modes of learning and external knowledge. What is the implication of these differences with regard to competing in a global economy? Our empirical research shows that firms innovating according to the DUI application mode are in a position of negative lock-in due to severe competition from low-cost countries. The DUI technological mode firms are globally competitive due to a strong regional technological base built upon broad collaboration and a mixed innovation strategy. The STI firms are often part of international or national corporations, with a constant threat of being relocated to another country if they are not globally competitive. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Heidi Aslesen & Arne Isaksen & James Karlsen, 2012. "Modes of Innovation and Differentiated Responses to Globalisation—A Case Study of Innovation Modes in the Agder Region, Norway," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 3(4), pages 389-405, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jknowl:v:3:y:2012:i:4:p:389-405
    DOI: 10.1007/s13132-011-0060-9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jensen, Morten Berg & Johnson, Bjorn & Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt Ake, 2007. "Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 680-693, June.
    2. Gabrielsson, Jonas & Landström, Hans & E. Thomas, Brunsnes, 2006. "A Knowledge-based Categorization of Research-based Spin-off Creation," Papers in Innovation Studies 2006/6, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    3. Ron Boschma, 2005. "Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 61-74.
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    Cited by:

    1. Apanasovich, Natalja & Alcalde Heras, Henar & Parrilli, Mario Davide, 2016. "The impact of business innovation modes on SME innovation performance in post-Soviet transition economies: The case of Belarus," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 57, pages 30-40.
    2. Natalja Apanasovich, 2016. "Modes of Innovation: A Grounded Meta-Analysis," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(3), pages 720-737, September.
    3. Iñaki Peña & José Luis González Pernía & Mario Davide Parrilli, 2012. "Learning Modes, Types of Innovation and Economic Performance," Working Papers 2012R01, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
    4. Aleksander Szpor & Attila Havas & Vera Czesana & Lubica Slusna & Miroslav Balog, 2014. "Innovation Policies in the Visegrad Countries," Books and Reports published by IBS, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych, number visegradinnovate, September.
    5. José González-Pernía & Mario Parrilli & Iñaki Peña-Legazkue, 2015. "STI–DUI learning modes, firm–university collaboration and innovation," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 475-492, June.


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