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Strategic Environmental Policies under International Duopolistic Competition

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  • Georges Tanguay

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Abstract

This paper examines the welfare implications of trade liberalization when governments behave strategically using pollution taxes and tariffs on imports. This competition leads to inefficiencies as each government seeks foreign rent and tries to transfer pollution to the other country. It is shown that banning tariffs leads to a higher level of pollution which decreases total welfare compared to the one obtained under restricted trade. As the rate of transboundary pollution transmission rises, the pollution-shifting motive is reduced and this leads to a too high pollution level. This problem is amplified when tariffs aren't available to governments. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Suggested Citation

  • Georges Tanguay, 2001. "Strategic Environmental Policies under International Duopolistic Competition," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 8(5), pages 793-811, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:8:y:2001:i:5:p:793-811
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1012899411982
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Low, P., 1992. "International Trade and the Environment," World Bank - Discussion Papers 159, World Bank.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Essaji Azim, 2010. "Trade Liberalization, Standards and Protection," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-21, July.
    2. Akihiko Yanase, 2010. "Trade, Strategic Environmental Policy, and Global Pollution," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(3), pages 493-512, August.
    3. Celik, Sule & Orbay, Benan Zeki, 2011. "Location choice under trade and environmental policies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1710-1715, July.
    4. Takeshi Iida & Kenji Takeuchi, 2011. "Does free trade promote environmental technology transfer?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 104(2), pages 159-190, October.
    5. Lai, Yu-Bong & Hu, Chia-Hsien, 2008. "Trade agreements, domestic environmental regulation, and transboundary pollution," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 209-228, May.
    6. Kenji Fujiwara, 2010. "Strategic Environmental Policies and the Gains from Trade Liberalization," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 360-373, May.
    7. Kenji Fujiwara, 2011. "Market Integration and Competition in Environmental and Trade Policies," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 49(4), pages 561-572, August.
    8. Onur A. Koska & Frank Stähler & Onur Yeni, 2017. "Trade and Commodity Taxes as Environmental Instruments in an Open Economy," ERC Working Papers 1704, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised May 2017.
    9. Odd Rune Straume, 2006. "Product Market Integration and Environmental Policy Coordination in An International Duopoly," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 34(4), pages 535-563, August.

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    Keywords

    Environmental Policy; Trade; Strategy;

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