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A bootstrapped Malmquist index applied to Swedish district courts

Author

Listed:
  • Pontus Mattsson

    (Linnaeus University)

  • Jonas Månsson

    (Linnaeus University
    Swedish National Audit Office (SNAO)
    Thammasat Centre for Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, Thammasat University)

  • Christian Andersson

    (Swedish National Audit Office (SNAO))

  • Fredrik Bonander

    (Swedish National Audit Office (SNAO))

Abstract

This study measures the total factor productivity (TFP) of the Swedish district courts by applying data envelopment analysis to calculate the Malmquist productivity index (MPI) of 48 Swedish district courts from 2012 to 2015. In contrast to the limited international literature on court productivity, this study uses a fully decomposed MPI. A bootstrapping approach is further applied to compute confidence intervals for each decomposed factor of TFP. The findings show a 1.7% average decline of TFP, annually. However, a substantial variation between years can be observed in the number of statistically significant courts below and above unity. The averages of the components show that the negative impact is mainly driven by negative technical change. Large variations are also observed over time where the small courts have the largest volatility. Two recommendations are: (1) that district courts with negative TFP growth could learn from those with positive TFP growth; and (2) that the back-up labour force could be developed to enhance flexibility.

Suggested Citation

  • Pontus Mattsson & Jonas Månsson & Christian Andersson & Fredrik Bonander, 2018. "A bootstrapped Malmquist index applied to Swedish district courts," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 109-139, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:ejlwec:v:46:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10657-018-9582-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s10657-018-9582-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Per J. Agrell & Pontus Mattsson & Jonas Månsson, 2020. "Impacts on efficiency of merging the Swedish district courts," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 288(2), pages 653-679, May.
    2. Mattsson, Pontus, 2019. "The impact of labour subsidies on total factor productivity and profit per employee," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 325-341.
    3. Xiaoqing Chen & Kristiaan Kerstens & Qingyuan Zhu, 2021. "Exploring Horizontal Mergers in Swedish District Courts Using Convex and Nonconvex Technologies: Usefulness of a Conservative Approach," Working Papers 2021-EQM-05, IESEG School of Management.
    4. Saltzman, Robert M., 2020. "Improving the voir dire process: A prospective juror's perspective," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).
    5. Gustavo Ferro & Victoria Oubiña & Carlos A. Romero, 2019. "Benchmarking Labor Courts: an Efficiency Frontier Analysis," Asociación Argentina de Economía Política: Working Papers 4140, Asociación Argentina de Economía Política.
    6. Mattsson, Pontus & Tidanå, Claes, 2019. "Potential efficiency effects of merging the Swedish district courts," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 58-68.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bootstrap; Data envelopment analysis (DEA); District courts; Malmquist productivity index (MPI); Total factor productivity (TFP);
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • K49 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Other
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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