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Detecting Outliers in Frontier Models: A Simple Approach

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  • Léopold Simar

Abstract

In frontier analysis, most of the nonparametric approaches (DEA, FDH) are based on envelopment ideas which suppose that with probability one, all the observed units belong to the attainable set. In these “deterministic” frontier models, statistical theory is now mostly available (Simar and Wilson, 2000a). In the presence of super-efficient outliers, envelopment estimators could behave dramatically since they are very sensitive to extreme observations. Some recent results from Cazals et al. (2002) on robust nonparametric frontier estimators may be used in order to detect outliers by defining a new DEA/FDH “deterministic” type estimator which does not envelop all the data points and so is more robust to extreme data points. In this paper, we summarize the main results of Cazals et al. (2002) and we show how this tool can be used for detecting outliers when using the classical DEA/FDH estimators or any parametric techniques. We propose a methodology implementing the tool and we illustrate through some numerical examples with simulated and real data. The method should be used in a first step, as an exploratory data analysis, before using any frontier estimation. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Suggested Citation

  • Léopold Simar, 2003. "Detecting Outliers in Frontier Models: A Simple Approach," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 391-424, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jproda:v:20:y:2003:i:3:p:391-424
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1027308001925
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Park, B.U. & Simar, L. & Weiner, Ch., 2000. "The Fdh Estimator For Productivity Efficiency Scores," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(6), pages 855-877, December.
    2. Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 1998. "Sensitivity Analysis of Efficiency Scores: How to Bootstrap in Nonparametric Frontier Models," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 44(1), pages 49-61, January.
    3. A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & E. Rhodes, 1981. "Evaluating Program and Managerial Efficiency: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Program Follow Through," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 27(6), pages 668-697, June.
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