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Pension Reform, Factor Mobility and Trade with Country-Specific Goods

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  • Igor Fedotenkov

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Abstract

This paper studies the effects of pension reform in a two-country model with country-specific goods. It shows that in the case of dynamic efficiency, a switch from a pay-as-you-go to a more-funded pension scheme leads to an inflow of labour to the reforming country. Reallocation of capital depends on the degree of substitutability between goods produced in the countries. If the goods produced in the countries are substitutes (complements), capital stock grows (declines) in the reformed country relative to the neighbouring country. Social security reform makes goods produced in the reformed country cheaper; this has an additional negative effect on the old generation in the reformed country, but compensates the old generation in the neighbouring country with cheaper imports due to a reduction in the tax base arising from emigration. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Fedotenkov, 2014. "Pension Reform, Factor Mobility and Trade with Country-Specific Goods," De Economist, Springer, vol. 162(3), pages 247-262, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:decono:v:162:y:2014:i:3:p:247-262
    DOI: 10.1007/s10645-014-9233-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Angus Armstrong & Justin Van de Ven, 2016. "The Impact of Possible Migration Scenarios after ‘Brexit’ on the State Pension System," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-13, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pension reform; Mobile production factors; International trade; Elasticity of substitution; Race to the bottom; Spillovers; F21; F22; H55;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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