IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/kap/decono/v162y2014i3p247-262.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Pension Reform, Factor Mobility and Trade with Country-Specific Goods

Author

Listed:
  • Igor Fedotenkov

    ()

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of pension reform in a two-country model with country-specific goods. It shows that in the case of dynamic efficiency, a switch from a pay-as-you-go to a more-funded pension scheme leads to an inflow of labour to the reforming country. Reallocation of capital depends on the degree of substitutability between goods produced in the countries. If the goods produced in the countries are substitutes (complements), capital stock grows (declines) in the reformed country relative to the neighbouring country. Social security reform makes goods produced in the reformed country cheaper; this has an additional negative effect on the old generation in the reformed country, but compensates the old generation in the neighbouring country with cheaper imports due to a reduction in the tax base arising from emigration. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Fedotenkov, 2014. "Pension Reform, Factor Mobility and Trade with Country-Specific Goods," De Economist, Springer, vol. 162(3), pages 247-262, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:decono:v:162:y:2014:i:3:p:247-262
    DOI: 10.1007/s10645-014-9233-9
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10645-014-9233-9
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Geide-Stevenson, Doris, 1998. "Social Security Policy and International Labor and Capital Mobility," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 407-416, August.
    2. Yvonne Adema & Lex Meijdam & Harrie Verbon, 2009. "The international spillover effects of pension reform," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(5), pages 670-696, October.
    3. Casper Ewijk & Maikel Volkerink, 2012. "Will Ageing Lead to a Higher Real Exchange Rate for the Netherlands?," De Economist, Springer, vol. 160(1), pages 59-80, March.
    4. Axel Börsch-Supan & Alexander Ludwig & Joachim Winter, 2006. "Ageing, Pension Reform and Capital Flows: A Multi-Country Simulation Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 73(292), pages 625-658, November.
    5. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka, 2010. "Fiscal and Migration Competition," NBER Working Papers 16224, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Hans Fehr & Sabine Jokisch & Larry Kotlikoff, 2003. "The Developed World's Demographic Transition - the Roles of Capital Flows, Immigration, and Policy," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series dp-133, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    7. Ringa Raudla & Karsten Staehr, 2003. "Pension Reforms and Taxation in Estonia," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 4(1), pages 64-92, December.
    8. Igor Fedotenkov & Lex Meijdam, 2014. "Pension reform with migration and mobile capital: is a Pareto improvement possible?," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 431-450, September.
    9. Russell Cooper & Hubert Kempf, 2004. "Overturning Mundell: Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(2), pages 371-396.
    10. Igor Fedotenkov & Lex Meijdam, 2013. "Crisis and Pension System Design in the EU: International Spillover Effects Via Factor Mobility and Trade," De Economist, Springer, vol. 161(2), pages 175-197, June.
    11. Kenc, Turalay & Sayan, Serdar, 2001. "Demographic shock transmission from large to small countries: An overlapping generations CGE analysis," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 677-702, August.
    12. Vasile, Valentina & Zaman, Gheorghe, 2005. "Romania's Pension System Between Present Restrictions and Future Exigencies," Discussion Paper 268, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    13. Kugler, Maurice & Rapoport, Hillel, 2007. "International labor and capital flows: Complements or substitutes?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 155-162, February.
    14. Igor Fedotenkov & Bas Groezen & Lex Meijdam, 2014. "Demographic Change, International Trade and Capital Flows," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(5), pages 865-883, November.
    15. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Tesar, Linda L., 2005. "Why hasn't tax competition triggered a race to the bottom? Some quantitative lessons from the EU," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 163-204, January.
    16. Paul S. Armington, 1969. "A Theory of Demand for Products Distinguished by Place of Production (Une théorie de la demande de produits différenciés d'après leur origine) (Una teoría de la demanda de productos distinguiénd," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 16(1), pages 159-178, March.
    17. Amdur, David, 2010. "International cross-holdings of bonds in a two-good DSGE model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 163-166, August.
    18. Doris Geide-Stevenson & Mun S. Ho, 2004. "International labor migration and social security: Analysis of the transition path," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 17(3), pages 535-551, August.
    19. Attanasio, Orazio & Kitao, Sagiri & Violante, Giovanni L., 2007. "Global demographic trends and social security reform," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 144-198, January.
    20. Bruce A. Blonigen & Wesley W. Wilson, 1999. "Explaining Armington: What Determines Substitutability Between Home and Foreign Goods?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-21, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Angus Armstrong & Justin van de Ven, 2016. "The Impact of Possible Migration Scenarios after ‘Brexit’ on the State Pension System," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-13, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pension reform; Mobile production factors; International trade; Elasticity of substitution; Race to the bottom; Spillovers; F21; F22; H55;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kap:decono:v:162:y:2014:i:3:p:247-262. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.