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Appraisal Using Generalized Additive Models

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Abstract

Many of the results from real estate empirical studies depend upon using a correct functional form for their validity. Unfortunately, common parametric statistical tools cannot easily control for the possibility of misspecification. Recently, semiparametric estimators such as generalized additive models (GAMs) have arisen which can automatically control for additive (in price) or multiplicative (in ln(price)) nonlinear relations among the independent and dependent variables. As the paper shows, GAMs can empirically outperform naive parametric and polynomial models in ex-sample predictive behavior. Moreover, GAMs have well-developed statistical properties and can suggest useful transformations in parametric settings.

Suggested Citation

  • R. Kelley Pace, 1998. "Appraisal Using Generalized Additive Models," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(1), pages 77-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:jre:issued:v:15:n:1:1998:p:77-100
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anglin, Paul M & Gencay, Ramazan, 1996. "Semiparametric Estimation of a Hedonic Price Function," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 633-648, Nov.-Dec..
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    5. Hans R. Isakson, 1986. "The Nearest Neighbors Appraisal Technique: An Alternative to the Adjustment Grid Methods," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 14(2), pages 274-286.
    6. Colwell, Peter F, 1991. "Functional Obsolescence and an Extension of Hedonic Theory," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 49-58, March.
    7. Coulson, N. Edward, 1989. "The empirical content of the linearity-as-repackaging hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 295-309, May.
    8. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
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    10. A. Quang Do & G. Grudnitski, 1993. "A Neural Network Analysis of the Effect of Age on Housing Values," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 8(2), pages 253-264.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brasington, David M., 2001. "Capitalization and Community Size," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 385-395, November.
    2. Lall, Somik V. & Lundberg, Mattias, 2008. "What are public services worth, and to whom? Non-parametric estimation of capitalization in Pune," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 34-64, March.
    3. David M. Brasington & Diane Hite, 2005. "Demand for Environmental Quality: A Spatial Hedonic Approach," Departmental Working Papers 2005-08, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
    4. Brasington, David M. & Hite, Diane, 2005. "Demand for environmental quality: a spatial hedonic analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 57-82, January.
    5. James A. Bryant & Donald R. Epley, 1998. "Cancerphobia: Electromagnetic Fields and Their Impact on Residential Loan Values," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(1), pages 115-129.
    6. Löchl, Michael & Axhausen, Kay W., 2010. "Modelling hedonic residential rents for land use and transport simulation while considering spatial effects," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 3(2), pages 39-63.
    7. R. Kelley Pace, 1998. "Total Grid Estimation," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(1), pages 101-114.
    8. Bin, Okmyung, 2004. "A prediction comparison of housing sales prices by parametric versus semi-parametric regressions," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 68-84, March.
    9. repec:kap:jgeosy:v:20:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10109-017-0257-y is not listed on IDEAS
    10. W. Brunauer & S. Lang & P. Wechselberger & S. Bienert, 2010. "Additive Hedonic Regression Models with Spatial Scaling Factors: An Application for Rents in Vienna," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 390-411, November.
    11. repec:asg:wpaper:1006 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Wolfgang Brunauer & Stefan Lang & Peter Wechselberger & Sven Bienert, 2008. "Additive Hedonic Regression Models with Spatial Scaling Factors: An Application for Rents in Vienna," Working Papers 2008-17, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
    13. Bontemps, Christophe & Simioni, Michel & Surry, Yves R., 2005. "Hedonic Housing Prices and Agricultural Pollution: An Empirical Investigation on Semiparametric Models," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19547, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    14. Shimizu, Chihiro & Karato, Koji, 2016. "Property Price Index Theory and Estimation: A Survey," HIT-REFINED Working Paper Series 34, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    15. Kagie, M. & van Wezel, M.C., 2006. "Hedonic price models and indices based on boosting applied to the Dutch housing market," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2006-17, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    16. van Wezel, M.C. & Kagie, M. & Potharst, R., 2005. "Boosting the accuracy of hedonic pricing models," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2005-50, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.

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    JEL classification:

    • L85 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Real Estate Services

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