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Nonparametric Methods with Applications to Hedonic Models

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  • Pace, R Kelley

Abstract

Current real estate statistical valuation involves the estimation of parameters within a posited specification. Such parametric estimation requires judgment concerning model (1) variables; and (2) functional form. In contrast, nonparametric regression estimation requires attention to (1) but permits greatly reduced attention to (2). Parametric estimators functionally model the parameters and variables affecting E(y x) while nonparametric estimators directly model pdf(y,x) and hence E(y x). This article applies the kernel nonparametric regression estimator to two different data sets and specifications. The article shows the nonparametric estimator outperforms the standard parametric estimator (OLS) across variable transformations and across data subsets differing in quality. In addition, the article reviews properties of nonparametric estimators, presents the history of nonparametric estimators in real estate, and discusses a representation of the kernel estimator as a nonparametric grid method. Copyright 1993 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

Suggested Citation

  • Pace, R Kelley, 1993. "Nonparametric Methods with Applications to Hedonic Models," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 185-204, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jrefec:v:7:y:1993:i:3:p:185-204
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Colwell & Henry Munneke, 2009. "Directional Land Value Gradients," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 1-23, July.
    2. Tony Addison & Yukka Pirttilä & Finn Tarp & Carlos Felipe Balcázar & Lidia Ceriani & Sergio Olivieri & Marco Ranzani, 2017. "Rent-Imputation for Welfare Measurement: A Review of Methodologies and Empirical Findings," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 63(4), pages 881-898, December.
    3. repec:asg:wpaper:1006 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Castillo, Enrique & Hadi, Ali S. & Lacruz, Beatriz & Pruneda, Rosa E., 2008. "Semi-parametric nonlinear regression and transformation using functional networks," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(4), pages 2129-2157, January.
    5. Palmquist, Raymond B., 2006. "Property Value Models," Handbook of Environmental Economics,in: K. G. Mäler & J. R. Vincent (ed.), Handbook of Environmental Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 16, pages 763-819 Elsevier.
    6. R. Kelley Pace, 1998. "Appraisal Using Generalized Additive Models," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(1), pages 77-100.
    7. George H. Lentz & Ko Wang, 1998. "Residential Appraisal and the Lending Process: A Survey of Issues," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(1), pages 11-40.
    8. Simlai, Prodosh, 2014. "Estimation of variance of housing prices using spatial conditional heteroskedasticity (SARCH) model with an application to Boston housing price data," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 17-30.
    9. Hannonen Marko, 2014. "Urban Housing Policy Considerations: Perspectives from the Finnish Housing Market," Journal of Heterodox Economics, De Gruyter Open, vol. 1(2), pages 114-130, December.
    10. Bontemps, Christophe & Simioni, Michel & Surry, Yves R., 2005. "Hedonic Housing Prices and Agricultural Pollution: An Empirical Investigation on Semiparametric Models," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19547, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    11. Ghysels, Eric & Plazzi, Alberto & Valkanov, Rossen & Torous, Walter, 2013. "Forecasting Real Estate Prices," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.
    12. Quan Gan & Robert J. Hill, 2008. "A New Perspective on the Relationship Between House Prices and Income," Discussion Papers 2008-13, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
    13. JPeter F. Colwell & Henry J. Munneke, 2003. "Estimating a Price Surface for Vacant Land in an Urban Area," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 79(1), pages 15-28.
    14. Robert J. Hill & Daniel Melser, 2007. "Comparing House Prices Across Regions and Time: An Hedonic Approach," Discussion Papers 2007-33, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
    15. Tomson Ogwang & Baotai Wang, 2003. "A Hedonic Price Function for a Northern BC Community," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 61(3), pages 285-296, March.
    16. Löchl, Michael & Axhausen, Kay W., 2010. "Modelling hedonic residential rents for land use and transport simulation while considering spatial effects," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 3(2), pages 39-63.
    17. repec:kap:jgeosy:v:20:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10109-017-0257-y is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Teuber, Ramona, 2010. "Estimating the Demand for Sensory Quality – Theoretical Considerations and an Empirical Application to Specialty Coffee," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 59(3).
    19. Russell McKenzie & John Levendis, 2010. "Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The Effects of Katrina on New Orleans," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 62-76, January.

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