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Worker remittances and government behaviour in the receiving countries

  • Thomas H.W. ZIESEMER


    (Department of Economics, Maastricht University, and UNU-MERIT, Netherlands)

We estimate the impact of worker remittances on savings, taxes, and public expenditures on education, all as a share of GDP, for two samples of poor and less poor countries. Remittances increase the savings ratio in both samples. Savings have an (inverted) u-shaped impact on the tax ratio in poor (richer) countries. Higher tax revenues lead to higher public expenditure on education in both samples. When remittances increase, in the richer sample, governments raise less tax revenues but spend more on education in direct response, whereas governments of the poorer sample raise more tax revenues at low levels of remittances, but less at high levels of remittances. In simultaneous equation simulations of a positive permanent shock to remittances, the governments of richer countries reduce taxation and public expenditure on education as a share of GDP. In poor countries, this leads to higher tax revenues and spending of more money on education.

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Article provided by Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in its journal Eastern Journal of European Studies.

Volume (Year): 3(2) (2012)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages: 37-59

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Handle: RePEc:jes:journl:y:2012:v:3:p:37-59
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