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Comparing Costs of Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: An International Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Henry M. Levin

    () (Columbia University)

  • Heather L. Schwartz

    () (RAND Corporation)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to outline the determinants of early childhood care and education (ECCE) costs as well as a method for measuring them, and to set out available cost data provided by countries for their ECCE endeavors. The analysis is based upon comparison of available data for 17 countries. We first address why costs may differ significantly for ECCE from country to country. Second, we address why existing reporting of costs is highly inconsistent and typically incomplete, including an examination of disparities in reported ECCE expenditures across countries. Third, we outline an appropriate way, known as the “ingredients method,” for determining costs that can provide consistent measurement for comparative purposes

Suggested Citation

  • Henry M. Levin & Heather L. Schwartz, 2012. "Comparing Costs of Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: An International Perspective," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 201(2), pages 39-65, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2012:v:201:i:2:p:39-65
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    File URL: http://www.ief.es/documentos/recursos/publicaciones/revistas/hac_pub/201_Art2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Leuven, Edwin & Lindahl, Mikael & Oosterbeek, Hessel & Webbink, Dinand, 2010. "Expanding schooling opportunities for 4-year-olds," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 319-328, June.
    2. Milagros Nores & Steven W. Barnett, 2012. "Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions Across the World: (Under) Investing in the Very Young," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 1, pages 200-228.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pia Caronongan & Gretchen Kirby & Kimberly Boller & Emily Modlin & Julia Lyskawa, "undated". "Assessing the Implementation and Cost of High Quality Early Care and Education: A Review of the Literature," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 7d1f69265b98407b8f0a401a6, Mathematica Policy Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Early Education; Costs; International;

    JEL classification:

    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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