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Green Development Performance in China: A Metafrontier Non-Radial Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Ke Li

    () (College of Mathematics & Computer Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)

  • Malin Song

    () (Collaborative Innovation Center for Ecological Economics and Management, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, China)

Abstract

This paper proposes a green development growth index (GDGI) for measuring the changes in sustainable development over time. This index considers a wide range of pollutants, and allows for the incorporation of group heterogeneity and non-radial slack in the conventional green development index. The GDGI is calculated based on a non-radial directional distance function derived by several data envelopment analysis (DEA) models, and was decomposed into an efficiency change (EC) index, a best-practice gap change (BPC) index and a technology gap change (TGC) index. The proposed indices are employed to measure green development performance in 30 provinces in China from 2000 to 2012. The empirical results show that China has a low level of green development, with a 2.58% increase per year driven by an innovation effect. China’s green development is mainly led by the eastern region, and the technology gaps between the eastern region and the other two regions (the central and western regions) have become wider over the years. The group innovative provinces have set a target for resource utilization of non-innovative provinces in order to catch-up with the corresponding groups, while the metafrontier innovative provinces provide targets for the technology levels of other provinces to improve their green development performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Ke Li & Malin Song, 2016. "Green Development Performance in China: A Metafrontier Non-Radial Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-21, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:219-:d:64776
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ning Zhang & Bing Wang, 2016. "Toward a Sustainable Low-Carbon China: A Review of the Special Issue of “Energy Economics and Management”," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-8, August.
    2. Zhencheng Xing & Jigan Wang & Jie Zhang, 2017. "CO 2 Emission Performance, Mitigation Potential, and Marginal Abatement Cost of Industries Covered in China’s Nationwide Emission Trading Scheme: A Meta-Frontier Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(6), pages 1-17, June.
    3. Jianglong Li & Boqiang Lin, 2016. "Green Economy Performance and Green Productivity Growth in China’s Cities: Measures and Policy Implication," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-21, September.
    4. Lizhan Cao & Zhongying Qi & Junxia Ren, 2017. "China’s Industrial Total-Factor Energy Productivity Growth at Sub-Industry Level: A Two-Step Stochastic Metafrontier Malmquist Index Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-22, August.
    5. Ning Ding & Xinhui Ruan & Jianxin Yang, 2019. "Proposed Green Development Reporting Framework for Enterprises from a Life-Cycle Perspective and a Case Study in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-21, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    green development performance; non-radial directional distance function; metafrontier analysis; China;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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