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¿Tener obesidad es realmente una desventaja en el mercado laboral mexicano?

Author

Listed:
  • Martha Claudia Rodríguez Villalobos

    () (Universidad de Monterrey. Monterrey, N.L. México.)

  • Erick Rangel González

    () (Banco de México, Dirección General de Investigación Económica y Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, San Pedro Garza García, Nuevo León. México.)

Abstract

El presente estudio analiza el posible impacto que pudiera tener sobre las personas la condición de obesidad y sobrepeso en el mercado laboral en México. Específicamente, se estudia el efecto que tiene el hecho de contar con sobrepeso y obesidad sobre los salarios; así como, sobre la probabilidad de encontrar empleo. El grado de obesidad se mide a través de dos métodos: empleando el índice de masa corporal y la razón cintura-altura. Los resultados encontrados indican que, en los hombres, una vez que se corrige el sesgo de selectividad, no existen diferencias salariales, ni a favor ni en contra de las personas con sobrepeso u obesidad. En el caso de las mujeres, se encontraron diferenciales salariales positivos a favor de las mujeres con sobrepeso u obesidad en ciertos grupos (focalizados de acuerdo con el nivel educativo). En cuanto al empleo, no se encuentran diferencias en las probabilidades de encontrar empleo entre los grupos analizados, una vez que se controla por la posibilidad de que las personas hayan ganado peso después de haber sido contratadas.

Suggested Citation

  • Martha Claudia Rodríguez Villalobos & Erick Rangel González, 2015. "¿Tener obesidad es realmente una desventaja en el mercado laboral mexicano?," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 35-62, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxiv:y:2015:i:2:p:35-62
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    File URL: http://www.economia.uanl.mx/revistaensayos/xxxiv/2/2_Tener_obesidad_es_realmente_una_desventaja_en_el_mercado_laboral_mexicano.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kenkel, Donald S, 1991. "Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, and Schooling," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(2), pages 287-305, April.
    2. Rodolfo Nayga, 2000. "Schooling, health knowledge and obesity," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(7), pages 815-822.
    3. Euna Han & Edward C. Norton & Sally C. Stearns, 2009. "Weight and wages: fat versus lean paychecks," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(5), pages 535-548.
    4. John Cawley, 2004. "The Impact of Obesity on Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(2).
    5. Casey B. Mulligan & Yona Rubinstein, 2004. "The Closing of the Gender Gap as a Roy Model Illusion," NBER Working Papers 10892, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Paul Sicilian & Adam Grossberg, 2014. "Does supervisor gender affect wages?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 479-499, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    obesidad; sobrepeso; salarios; empleo; sesgo de selección;

    JEL classification:

    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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