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Airport privatization in congested hub–spoke networks

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  • Lin, Ming Hsin

Abstract

This paper investigates the airport privatization issue. One congested hub and two linked local airports serve symmetric hub carriers. Passengers valuate the congestion delay cost and benefit from greater frequencies. The government considers privatizing either the hub or local airports. We find that in each privatizing scenario, welfare-maximizing public airport(s) set a charge below their operating costs in order to fully coordinate the high charge of privatized airport(s). If this fiscal deficit is not allowed, each scenario causes distortion. Interestingly, the distortion—and hence welfare losses—in privatizing a hub are smaller (larger) than those in privatizing both local airports when both passengers’ valuations are small (large); this is exactly the case when privatized local airports are strategic substitutes (complements). We also surprisingly find that retaining the hub airport as public and privatizing one or both local airports achieves the same market outcomes. We further find that if all airports are privatized, welfare becomes worse than the other scenarios; the hub airport charges lower (higher) prices than local airports when both local airports are strategic substitutes (complements).

Suggested Citation

  • Lin, Ming Hsin, 2013. "Airport privatization in congested hub–spoke networks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 51-67.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:54:y:2013:i:c:p:51-67
    DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2013.03.011
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lin, Ming Hsin & Zhang, Anming, 2016. "Hub congestion pricing: Discriminatory passenger charges," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 5(C), pages 37-48.
    2. Noruzoliaee, Mohamadhossein & Zou, Bo & Zhang, Anming, 2015. "Airport partial and full privatization in a multi-airport region: Focus on pricing and capacity," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 45-60.
    3. Achim I. Czerny & Anmin Zhang, 2015. "Single-Till versus Dual-Till Regulation of Airports," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-049/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    4. repec:eee:transb:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:89-106 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:bla:revurb:v:29:y:2017:i:1:p:2-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Matsushima, Noriaki & Takauchi, Kazuhiro, 2014. "Port privatization in an international oligopoly," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 382-397.
    7. Brueckner, Jan K. & Lin, Ming Hsin, 2016. "Convenient flight connections vs. airport congestion: Modeling the ‘rolling hub’," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 118-142.
    8. Lin, Ming Hsin & Mantin, Benny, 2015. "Airport privatization in international inter-hub and spoke networks," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 189-199.
    9. repec:eee:transe:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:158-173 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Akio Kawasaki, 2013. "Airport privatization competition including domestic airline networks," Working Papers e64, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    11. Bettini, Humberto F.A.J. & Oliveira, Alessandro V.M., 2016. "Two-sided platforms in airport privatization," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 262-278.

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