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The optimal location and road pricing for an elevated road in a corridor

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  • Chu, Chih-Peng
  • Tsai, Jyh-Fa

Abstract

This paper discusses the location decision of an elevated new road in a corridor. The distribution of residents is uniformly located along this corridor and each individual makes trips to the CBD at the end-point of the corridor. Trip demand is elastic and dependent on the cost of a car trip that incorporates congestion cost. The government is assumed to build a new elevated road on this corridor to reduce the traffic congestion, but it has to decide where to locate the entrance of this elevated road. The optimal location of the new elevated road demon the following factors: (1) the set of tolls for the new road and original road; (2) the demand parameters; (3) the travel cost parameters; and (4) the construction cost parameters. We explore the effects of determining the location of an elevated road entrance and the tolls of road pricing on a simple spatial model with a welfare-maximizing objective of the government. The result also shows that, for a given set of tolls, the ratio of taking the elevated road is monotonically decreasing as the location of the entrance is set outward from the CBD. The socially optimal location of the entrance and the second-best toll are obtained from a set of numerical examples.

Suggested Citation

  • Chu, Chih-Peng & Tsai, Jyh-Fa, 2008. "The optimal location and road pricing for an elevated road in a corridor," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 842-856, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:42:y:2008:i:5:p:842-856
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    2. repec:eee:retrec:v:62:y:2017:i:c:p:68-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tsai, Jyh-Fa & Chu, Chih-Peng & Hu, Shou-Ren, 2015. "Road pricing for congestion and accident externalities for mixed traffic of motorcycles and automobiles," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 153-166.
    4. Zhi-Chun Li & Ya-Dong Wang & William Lam & Agachai Sumalee & Keechoo Choi, 2014. "Design of Sustainable Cordon Toll Pricing Schemes in a Monocentric City," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 133-158, June.
    5. repec:kap:transp:v:45:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11116-016-9742-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:transb:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:244-265 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Tsai, Jyh-Fa & Chu, Chih-Peng, 2010. "Analysis of the optimal length of road expansion - A case study of the Taipei metropolitan area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 147-158, March.

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