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Measuring the social impacts associated with Super Bowl XLIII: Preliminary development of a psychic income scale

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  • Kim, Woosoon
  • Walker, Matthew

Abstract

Sport mega-events have taken on an elevated profile and assumed a key role as urban and regional development strategies. While a number of studies have investigated the potential impacts of these events, most (not surprisingly) have focused on economic, rather than non-economic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the non-economic features associated with a high profile mega-event in the United States. Based on Crompton's (2004) psychic income paradigm and a comprehensive review of the extant literature, this article describes the development and validation of a self-report scale designed to measure the psychological impact of Super Bowl XLIII on the residents of Tampa Bay, Florida. The research method followed standard scale development techniques. Initial scale validation (i.e., face and content validity) was assessed through a panel of experts and a field test. Principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted; the results of which revealed that mega-event psychological impact can be examined using 22 items under five factors: (1) community pride as a result of enhanced image, (2) enhanced community attachment, (3) event excitement, (4) community excitement, and (5) pride in efforts to improve community infrastructure.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Woosoon & Walker, Matthew, 2012. "Measuring the social impacts associated with Super Bowl XLIII: Preliminary development of a psychic income scale," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 91-108.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:15:y:2012:i:1:p:91-108 DOI: 10.1016/j.smr.2011.05.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:touman:v:48:y:2015:i:c:p:21-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:tho:journl:v:23:y:2017:n:2:p:195-217 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. John E. Grable & Kimberly Watkins, 2016. "Quantifying the Value of Collecting: Implications for Financial Advisers," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 37(4), pages 639-648, December.
    4. repec:eee:touman:v:44:y:2014:i:c:p:113-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Christian Dragin-Jensen, 2016. "Mutual Image Impacts of Events and Host Destinations: What We Know From Prior Research," Working Papers 122/16, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Sociology, Environmental and Business Economics.

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