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A model of influence based on aggregation functions

  • Grabisch, Michel
  • Rusinowska, Agnieszka

The paper concerns a dynamic model of influence in which agents make a yes–no decision. Each agent has an initial opinion which he may change during different phases of interaction, due to mutual influence among agents. We investigate a model of influence based on aggregation functions. Each agent modifies his opinion independently of the others, by aggregating the current opinion of all agents. Our framework covers numerous existing models of opinion formation, since we allow for arbitrary aggregation functions. We provide a general analysis of convergence in the aggregation model and find all terminal classes and states. We show that possible terminal classes to which the process of influence may converge are terminal states (the consensus states and nontrivial states), cyclic terminal classes, and unions of Boolean lattices (called regular terminal classes). An agent is influential for another agent if the opinion of the first one matters for the latter. A generalization of influential agent to an irreducible coalition whose opinion matters for an agent is called influential coalition. The graph (hypergraph) of influence is a graphical representation of influential agents (coalitions). Based on properties of the hypergraphs of influence we obtain conditions for the existence of the different kinds of terminal classes. An important family of aggregation functions–the family of symmetric decomposable models–is discussed. Finally, based on the results of the paper, we analyze the manager network of Krackhardt.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016548961300067X
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Mathematical Social Sciences.

Volume (Year): 66 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 316-330

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Handle: RePEc:eee:matsoc:v:66:y:2013:i:3:p:316-330
DOI: 10.1016/j.mathsocsci.2013.07.003
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505565

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  1. Michel Grabisch & Agnieszka Rusinowska, 2010. "A model of influence in a social network," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00308741, HAL.
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  9. Pan, Zhengzheng, 2010. "Trust, influence, and convergence of behavior in social networks," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 69-78, July.
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  11. Peter M. DeMarzo & Dimitri Vayanos & Jeffrey Zwiebel, 2003. "Persuasion Bias, Social Influence, and Unidimensional Opinions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 909-968.
  12. Michel Grabisch & Agnieszka Rusinowska, 2008. "Influence functions, followers and command games," Working Papers 0831, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.
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  17. Michel Grabisch & Agnieszka Rusinowska, 2010. "Different Approaches to Influence Based on Social Networks and Simple Games," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00514850, HAL.
  18. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00583867 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. Michel Grabisch & Agnieszka Rusinowska, 2008. "Measuring influence in command games," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00269084, HAL.
  20. Agnieszka Rusinowska & Michel Grabisch, 2010. "A model of influence with an ordered set of possible actions," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00519413, HAL.
  21. Hu, Xingwei & Shapley, Lloyd S., 2003. "On authority distributions in organizations: equilibrium," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 132-152, October.
  22. Gale, Douglas & Kariv, Shachar, 2003. "Bayesian learning in social networks," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 329-346, November.
  23. Berno Buechel & Tim Hellmann & Michael M. Pichler, 2011. "The Dynamics of Continuous Cultural Traits in Social Networks," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 457, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
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  25. Dunia López-Pintado, 2004. "Diffusion In Complex Social Networks," Working Papers. Serie AD 2004-33, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  26. Michel Grabisch & Agnieszka Rusinowska, 2009. "A model of influence with a continuum of actions," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00464460, HAL.
  27. Lorenz, Jan, 2005. "A stabilization theorem for dynamics of continuous opinions," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 355(1), pages 217-223.
  28. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00308741 is not listed on IDEAS
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