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An overview on the reform process of African ports

Author

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  • Trujillo, Lourdes
  • González, María Manuela
  • Jiménez, Juan Luis

Abstract

In Africa, the main objective of the port sector is to improve trade competitiveness and to reduce government expenditures. Nevertheless, the reform process in African ports is complex due to some factors, which adversely influence their ability to further develop and affect port efficiency. This paper examines this process and the factors that are slowing it. The first objective is to measure the evolution of port efficiency during the port reform process using a stochastic production frontier. Our results suggest that reforms are producing the first positive results. In fact average efficiency has continuously increased from 2004 to 2007, nevertheless there is still much room to improve port efficiency. The second objective is to estimate what factors affect perceived port quality using an OLS regression. We control by type and size of port, location, GDP and corruption. Overall results show that landlord ports are not only the most efficient ones but also the most valued ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Trujillo, Lourdes & González, María Manuela & Jiménez, Juan Luis, 2013. "An overview on the reform process of African ports," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 12-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juipol:v:25:y:2013:i:c:p:12-22
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2013.01.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Serebrisky, Tomás & Sarriera, Javier Morales & Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Araya, Gonzalo & Briceño-Garmendía, Cecilia & Schwartz, Jordan, 2016. "Exploring the drivers of port efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 31-45.
    2. Zhang, Jihua, 2016. "Quasi-landlord port financing in China: Features, practice and a contract theory analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 73-88.
    3. Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Morales Sarriera, Javier & Serebrisky, Tomás & Trujillo, Lourdes, 2016. "When it comes to container port efficiency, are all developing regions equal?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 56-77.
    4. repec:pal:marecl:v:20:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1057_mel.2016.15 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:jotrge:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:94-101 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Morales Sarriera, Javier & Serebrisky, Tomás & Trujillo, Lourdes, 2016. "When it comes to container port efficiency, are all developing regions equal?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 56-77.
    7. Pérez, Ivone & Trujillo, Lourdes & González, María Manuela, 2016. "Efficiency determinants of container terminals in Latin American and the Caribbean," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1-14.
    8. Javier Morales Sarriera & Tomás Serebrisky & Gonzalo Araya & Cecilia Briceño-Garmendia & Jordan Schwartz, 2013. "Benchmarking Container Port Technical Efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4702, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Sarriera, Javier Morales & Araya, Gonzalo & Serebrisky, Tomas & Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia & Schwartz, Jordan, 2013. "Benchmarking container port technical efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean : a stochastic frontier analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6680, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Port reforms; African development; Regulation; Efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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