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A simple mineral market model: Can it produce super cycles in prices?


  • Cuddington, John T.
  • Zellou, Abdel M.


This paper develops a stylized supply–demand model for a mineral/nonrenewable commodity. It embodies important distinctions between short-run and long-run mineral supply and the derived demand for minerals as intermediate goods in production sectors with differing intensities of use. This framework is used to address the question: under what conditions might one expect to observe super cycles (i.e. cycles with a period of 20–70 years) in minerals prices? A plausible time path for GDP growth and the structural transformation that accompanies economic development in an emerging region is specified. Using these drivers and reasonable supply and demand parameters, price dynamics are simulated. The result is an asymmetric price cycle with a peak price that is about 250% above trend and an expansion phase that lasts for about 20 years. Thus, this simple model is capable of producing a single cycle with a frequency and amplitude in the range estimated in the empirical literature on super cycles. As other regions reach the development ‘take-off' phase, additional super cycles should emerge.

Suggested Citation

  • Cuddington, John T. & Zellou, Abdel M., 2013. "A simple mineral market model: Can it produce super cycles in prices?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 75-87.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:38:y:2013:i:1:p:75-87 DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2012.09.003

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Arturo L. Vásquez Cordano & Abdel M. Zellou, 2016. "Where are natural gas prices heading, and what are the environmental consequences for Latin America?," Working Papers 2016-71, Peruvian Economic Association.
    2. Abdel M. Zellou & John T. Cuddington, 2012. "Trends and Super Cycles in Crude Oil and Coal Prices," Working Papers 2012-10, Colorado School of Mines, Division of Economics and Business.

    More about this item


    Super cycles; Long cycles; Metal markets; Metals' intensity of use;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications


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