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Breaking (or making) the silence: How goal interdependence and social skill predict being ostracized

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  • Wu, Long-Zeng
  • Ferris, D. Lance
  • Kwan, Ho Kwong
  • Chiang, Flora
  • Snape, Ed
  • Liang, Lindie H.

Abstract

Although ostracism can have devastating consequences for employees and organizations, our understanding of what contributes to ostracism is notably limited. Drawing on and extending goal interdependence theory, we integrate the goal interdependence and social skill literatures to predict when individuals are likely to be ostracized. Across two studies we found that cooperative goal interdependence reduced, while competitive goal interdependence facilitated, being ostracized; social skill strengthened the negative impact of cooperative goal interdependence on ostracism and neutralized the positive impact of competitive goal interdependence on ostracism. In a third longitudinal study, we found that relationship conflict mediated the interactive effect of goal interdependence and social skill on being ostracized. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Wu, Long-Zeng & Ferris, D. Lance & Kwan, Ho Kwong & Chiang, Flora & Snape, Ed & Liang, Lindie H., 2015. "Breaking (or making) the silence: How goal interdependence and social skill predict being ostracized," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 51-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jobhdp:v:131:y:2015:i:c:p:51-66
    DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2015.08.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lance Ferris, D. & Fatimah, Shereen & Yan, Ming & Liang, Lindie H. & Lian, Huiwen & Brown, Douglas J., 2019. "Being sensitive to positives has its negatives: An approach/avoidance perspective on reactivity to ostracism," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 138-149.
    2. Breidenthal, Amy P. & Liu, Dong & Bai, Yuntao & Mao, Yina, 2020. "The dark side of creativity: Coworker envy and ostracism as a response to employee creativity," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 242-254.

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