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Exchange rate pass-through and the effects of tariffs on economic performance and welfare

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  • Hwang, Yu-Ning
  • Turnovsky, Stephen J.

Abstract

We develop a stochastic two-country general equilibrium model, where prices are determined under conditions of monopolistic competition to examine the macroeconomic and welfare effects of tariffs on the world economy under alternative nominal rigidities: producer-currency pricing (PCP) and local-currency pricing (LCP) where the exchange rate pass-through is absent. We find that the significance of export pricing for the effects of tariffs depends critically upon whether tariffs are anticipated or unanticipated. In the former case both PCP and LCP yield the same outcome as do perfectly flexible prices, although the mechanism whereby this is achieved is different. In the latter case, the effects of unanticipated permanent tariffs are highly sensitive to the pricing scheme adopted by exporters, leading to a wide range of conflicting outcomes, involving tradeoffs among key parameters.

Suggested Citation

  • Hwang, Yu-Ning & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2013. "Exchange rate pass-through and the effects of tariffs on economic performance and welfare," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 81-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:33:y:2013:i:c:p:81-102
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2012.10.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ganelli, Giovanni & Tervala, Juha, 2015. "Value of WTO trade agreements in a New Keynesian model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 347-362.
    2. Jorge Rojas-Vallejos & Stephen Turnovsky, 2015. "Erratum to: The Consequences of Tariff Reduction for Economic Activity and Inequality," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 601-631, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tariffs; Nominal rigidity; Exchange rate pass-through; Expenditure switching effect;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System

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