A dynamic model of conflict and appropriation
This paper presents an extension of a static model of economic conflict analyzed by Hirshleifer (1991, 1995) and Skaperdas (1992) to an infinite horizon differential game. Our aim is to highlight the strategic role of appropriation among a smaller group of agents in an intertemporal context. The model yields the conclusion that there exists a unique linear/nonlinear Markov perfect equilibrium strategy, even when strategies are defined over the entire state space. We demonstrate that “partial cooperation” can be seen as a long-run response to conflict. Moreover, a decrease in the effectiveness of appropriation, the depreciation rate of a common-pool stock, the rate of time preferences or an increase in the “degree of noise” improves the degree of “partial cooperation” and thus welfare in an anarchic society.
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