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Repeated price competition between individuals and between teams

Author

Listed:
  • Bornstein, Gary
  • Kugler, Tamar
  • Budescu, David V.
  • Selten, Reinhard

Abstract

We conducted an experimental study of price competition in a duopolistic market. The market was operationalized as a repeated game between two "teams" with one, two, or three players in each team. We found that asking (and winning) prices were significantly higher in competition between individuals than in competition between two- or three-person teams. There were no general effects of team size, but prices increased with time when each team member was paid his or her own asking price and decreased when the team's profits were divided equally. This result is consistent with a simple model of individual learning.

Suggested Citation

  • Bornstein, Gary & Kugler, Tamar & Budescu, David V. & Selten, Reinhard, 2008. "Repeated price competition between individuals and between teams," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 66(3-4), pages 808-821, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:66:y:2008:i:3-4:p:808-821
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ronald Bosman & Heike Hennig-Schmidt & Frans Winden, 2006. "Exploring group decision making in a power-to-take experiment," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 9(1), pages 35-51, April.
    2. Hildenbrand, Andreas, 2013. "Is a firm a firm? A Stackelberg experiment," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 7, pages 1-26.
    3. Raab, Philippe & Schipper, Burkhard C., 2009. "Cournot competition between teams: An experimental study," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 691-702, November.
    4. Lisa Bruttel & Simeon Schudy, 2012. "Competition Within Firms," Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(1), pages 167-185.
    5. Kurschilgen, Michael & Morell, Alexander & Weisel, Ori, 2017. "Internal conflict, market uniformity, and transparency in price competition between teams," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168057, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Takehiro Ito & Kazuhito Ogawa & Akihiro Suzuki & Hiromasa Takahashi & Toru Takemoto, 2016. "Contagion of Self-Interested Behavior: Evidence from Group Dictator Game Experiments," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 17(4), pages 425-437, November.
    7. Müller, Wieland & Tan, Fangfang, 2013. "Who acts more like a game theorist? Group and individual play in a sequential market game and the effect of the time horizon," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 658-674.
    8. Cason, Timothy N. & Mui, Vai-Lam, 2015. "Individual versus Group Play in the Repeated Coordinated Resistance Game," Journal of Experimental Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(01), pages 94-106, March.
    9. Michael Kurschilgen & Alexander Morell & Ori Weisel, 2016. "Internal conflict, market uniformity, and transparency in price competition between teams," Discussion Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2016_18, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
    10. repec:gam:jgames:v:9:y:2018:i:3:p:41-:d:154562 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Max Albert & Andreas Hildenbrand, 2016. "Industrial Organization and Experimental Economics: How to Learn from Laboratory Experiments," Homo Oeconomicus: Journal of Behavioral and Institutional Economics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 135-156, August.
    12. Han, Johann & Kairies-Schwarz, Nadja & Vomhof, Markus, 2016. "Quality competition and hospital mergers: An experiment," Ruhr Economic Papers 609, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    13. Uri Gneezy, 2005. "Step-Level Reasoning and Bidding in Auctions," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 51(11), pages 1633-1642, November.
    14. Martin Kolmar & Andreas Wagener, 2013. "Inefficiency As A Strategic Device In Group Contests Against Dominant Opponents," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(4), pages 2083-2095, October.
    15. Rudy Santore & Youping Li & Stephen Cotten, 2015. "Colluding with a conscience," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 114(3), pages 255-269, April.
    16. repec:eee:jeborg:v:144:y:2017:i:c:p:121-132 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior

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