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Collateralization and distance

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  • Bellucci, Andrea
  • Borisov, Alexander
  • Giombini, Germana
  • Zazzaro, Alberto

Abstract

This paper examines how collateralization in small business lending varies with bank-borrower proximity. Our analysis establishes a robust inverse relationship between distance and collateral: Borrowers located in the vicinity of the bank face higher collateral requirements. The estimated relationship is independent of the allocation of decision-making authority within the lending organization, competitive pressure in the local credit markets, or risk rating of the borrower. Our findings seem consistent with the notion that distance reflects transaction costs associated with the assessment, inspection, and possible repossession of collateral.

Suggested Citation

  • Bellucci, Andrea & Borisov, Alexander & Giombini, Germana & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2019. "Collateralization and distance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 205-217.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:100:y:2019:i:c:p:205-217
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2019.01.011
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    Keywords

    Bank lending; Collateral; Distance;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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