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Testing for multiple bubbles in bitcoin markets: A generalized sup ADF test

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  • Su, Chi-Wei
  • Li, Zheng-Zheng
  • Tao, Ran
  • Si, Deng-Kui

Abstract

This study investigates whether bubbles exist in Bitcoin markets and tracks when they will occur and collapse. We apply the generalized sup Augmented Dickey-Fuller test method proposed by Phillips et al. (2013). The results show that there have been four explosive bubbles in China and the U.S. market, primarily occurring during the periods of huge surges in Bitcoin prices. This is consistent with the bubble model improved by Gurkaynak (2008), in which asset price is decomposed into fundamental and bubble components. In particular, exogenous shocks, including foreign or domestic economic events, lead to the origination of bubbles. A serious financial crisis may trigger long-term and large-scale bubbles, whereas relatively short-term bubbles are caused by domestic components. It can be inferred that Bitcoin can be used as a hedge against market-specific risk. Finally, Bitcoin bubbles collapse due to administrative intervention by economic authorities. Therefore, the government should manage public expectations to maintain confidence in authority and reduce speculation behavior to stabilize the asset price and financial market.

Suggested Citation

  • Su, Chi-Wei & Li, Zheng-Zheng & Tao, Ran & Si, Deng-Kui, 2018. "Testing for multiple bubbles in bitcoin markets: A generalized sup ADF test," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 56-63.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:japwor:v:46:y:2018:i:c:p:56-63
    DOI: 10.1016/j.japwor.2018.03.004
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    Cited by:

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    4. Enoksen, F.A. & Landsnes, Ch.J. & Lučivjanská, K. & Molnár, P., 2020. "Understanding risk of bubbles in cryptocurrencies," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 129-144.
    5. Qin, Meng & Su, Chi-Wei & Tao, Ran, 2021. "BitCoin: A new basket for eggs?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 896-907.
    6. Pyo, Sujin & Lee, Jaewook, 2020. "Do FOMC and macroeconomic announcements affect Bitcoin prices?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 37(C).
    7. Kyriazis, Nikolaos & Papadamou, Stephanos & Corbet, Shaen, 2020. "A systematic review of the bubble dynamics of cryptocurrency prices," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    8. Zhang, Yue-Jun & Bouri, Elie & Gupta, Rangan & Ma, Shu-Jiao, 2021. "Risk spillover between Bitcoin and conventional financial markets: An expectile-based approach," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C).
    9. Wang, Yaping & Paek, Miyoun & Ko, Kwangsoo, 2019. "The performance of Chinese equity funds: An extension of DGTW model," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1-1.
    10. Adam Hayes, 2018. "Bitcoin price and its marginal cost of production: support for a fundamental value," Papers 1805.07610, arXiv.org.
    11. Huynh, Toan Luu Duc & Nasir, Muhammad Ali & Vo, Xuan Vinh & Nguyen, Thong Trung, 2020. "“Small things matter most”: The spillover effects in the cryptocurrency market and gold as a silver bullet," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    12. Tom Hudepohl & Ryan van Lamoen & Nander de Vette, 2019. "Quantitative easing and exuberance in stock markets: Evidence from the euro area," DNB Working Papers 660, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    13. Bouri, Elie & Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain & Roubaud, David, 2019. "Co-explosivity in the cryptocurrency market," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 178-183.
    14. Canh, Nguyen Phuc & Wongchoti, Udomsak & Thanh, Su Dinh & Thong, Nguyen Trung, 2019. "Systematic risk in cryptocurrency market: Evidence from DCC-MGARCH model," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 90-100.
    15. Li, Zhenghui & Chen, Liming & Dong, Hao, 2021. "What are bitcoin market reactions to its-related events?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 1-10.
    16. Panagiotidis, Theodore & Stengos, Thanasis & Vravosinos, Orestis, 2019. "The effects of markets, uncertainty and search intensity on bitcoin returns," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 220-242.
    17. Kliber, Agata & Marszałek, Paweł & Musiałkowska, Ida & Świerczyńska, Katarzyna, 2019. "Bitcoin: Safe haven, hedge or diversifier? Perception of bitcoin in the context of a country’s economic situation — A stochastic volatility approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 524(C), pages 246-257.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bitcoin; Price bubble; Speculation; GSADF;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics

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