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The Market Efficiency of Bitcoin: A Weekly Anomaly Perspective

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  • Yutaka Kurihara
  • Akio Fukushima

Abstract

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency. It is not a legal currency but a private monetary system that manages itself and does not depend on central banks or governments. Since the development of Bitcoin, its trading volume has been increasing largely and rapidly. Some fear the increase in Bitcoin usage as it is quite different from traditional currencies; however, its use is spreading all over the world. This paper examines empirically whether or not weekly price anomalies exist by checking the market efficiency of Bitcoin. The empirical results show that the Bitcoin market is not efficient. However, the empirical results show that Bitcoin transactions are becoming and can become more efficient. The results suggest that Bitcoin returns will be random in the future.JEL classification numbers: E42, E44, E51Keywords: Anomaly, Bitcoin, efficient market

Suggested Citation

  • Yutaka Kurihara & Akio Fukushima, 2017. "The Market Efficiency of Bitcoin: A Weekly Anomaly Perspective," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 7(3), pages 1-4.
  • Handle: RePEc:spt:apfiba:v:7:y:2017:i:3:f:7_3_4
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    Cited by:

    1. Christie Smith & Aaron Kumar, 2018. "Crypto‐Currencies – An Introduction To Not‐So‐Funny Moneys," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(5), pages 1531-1559, December.
    2. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Alex Plastun, 2019. "Price overreactions in the cryptocurrency market," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 46(5), pages 1137-1155, August.
    3. Su, Chi-Wei & Li, Zheng-Zheng & Tao, Ran & Si, Deng-Kui, 2018. "Testing for multiple bubbles in bitcoin markets: A generalized sup ADF test," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 56-63.
    4. Parthajit Kayal & Purnima Rohilla, 2021. "Bitcoin in the economics and finance literature: a survey," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 1(7), pages 1-21, July.
    5. Blau, Benjamin M. & Griffith, Todd G. & Whitby, Ryan J., 2021. "Inflation and Bitcoin: A descriptive time-series analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 203(C).
    6. Apopo, Natalay & Phiri, Andrew, 2019. "On the (in)efficiency of cryptocurrencies: Have they taken daily or weekly random walks?," MPRA Paper 94712, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Plastun, Alex, 2019. "The day of the week effect in the cryptocurrency market," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 31(C).
    8. Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Gil-Alana, Luis & Plastun, Alex, 2018. "Persistence in the cryptocurrency market," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 141-148.
    9. Mehmet Levent ERDAS & Abdullah Emre CAGLAR, 2018. "Analysis of the relationships between Bitcoin and exchange rate, commodities and global indexes by asymmetric causality test," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 9, pages 27-45, December.
    10. García-Monleón, Fernando & Danvila-del-Valle, Ignacio & Lara, Francisco J., 2021. "Intrinsic value in crypto currencies," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 162(C).
    11. Bhuiyan, Rubaiyat Ahsan & Husain, Afzol & Zhang, Changyong, 2021. "A wavelet approach for causal relationship between bitcoin and conventional asset classes," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    12. Gil-Alana, Luis Alberiko & Abakah, Emmanuel Joel Aikins & Rojo, María Fátima Romero, 2020. "Cryptocurrencies and stock market indices. Are they related?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    13. Donglian Ma & Pengxiang Zhai, 2021. "The Accuracy of the Tick Rule in the Bitcoin Market," SAGE Open, , vol. 11(2), pages 21582440211, May.
    14. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Alex Plastun, 2020. "Momentum effects in the cryptocurrency market after one-day abnormal returns," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 34(3), pages 251-266, September.
    15. Ma, Donglian & Tanizaki, Hisashi, 2019. "The day-of-the-week effect on Bitcoin return and volatility," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 127-136.
    16. Anh Ngoc Quang Huynh & Duy Duong & Tobias Burggraf & Hien Thi Thu Luong & Nam Huu Bui, 2022. "Energy Consumption and Bitcoin Market," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 29(1), pages 79-93, March.
    17. Yutaka Kurihara & Akio Fukushima & Shinichiro Maeda, 2020. "Can Bitcoin’S Price Be A Predictor Of Stock Prices?," Noble International Journal of Economics and Financial Research, Noble Academic Publsiher, vol. 5(4), pages 50-55, April.
    18. Yaya, OlaOluwa S & Ogbonna, Ephraim A, 2019. "Do we Experience Day-of-the-week Effects in Returns and Volatility of Cryptocurrency?," MPRA Paper 91429, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Alex Plastun & Viktor Oliinyk, 2019. "Bitcoin fluctuations and the frequency of price overreactions," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 33(2), pages 109-131, June.
    20. V Dimitrova & M Fernández-Martínez & M A Sánchez-Granero & J E Trinidad Segovia, 2019. "Some comments on Bitcoin market (in)efficiency," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 14(7), pages 1-14, July.
    21. Zheng-Zheng Li & Ran Tao & Chi-Wei Su & Oana-Ramona Lobonţ, 2019. "Does Bitcoin bubble burst?," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 91-105, January.
    22. Nils Bundi & Marc Wildi, 2019. "Bitcoin and market-(in)efficiency: a systematic time series approach," Digital Finance, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 47-65, November.
    23. Nikolaos A. Kyriazis, 2019. "A Survey on Efficiency and Profitable Trading Opportunities in Cryptocurrency Markets," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 12(2), pages 1-17, April.
    24. Ferreira, Paulo & Kristoufek, Ladislav & Pereira, Eder Johnson de Area Leão, 2020. "DCCA and DMCA correlations of cryptocurrency markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 545(C).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    anomaly; bitcoin; efficient market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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