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Airport efficiency in the dawn of privatization: The case of Greece

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  • Fragoudaki, Alexandra
  • Giokas, Dimitrios

Abstract

Until recently, all airports in Greece were owned and managed by the state; however, the recent economic crisis led the Greek government to privatize 14 regional airports. This paper evaluates the performance of the 38 Greek airports open to civil aviation just before the privatization was concluded. It also aims to highlight that the majority of airports with high efficiency were selected to be privatized. The analysis was performed applying Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI) using 2011 and 2015 operational and financial data. Results showed that, despite the economic crisis, overall efficiency improved between 2011 and 2015, mainly due to the spectacular increase in incoming international passenger traffic. Changes in efficiency can be attributed by and large to exogenous factors such as operations of low-cost carriers and charter operators along with the seasonal operations of established carriers at individual airports. Findings confirm that the majority of high efficiency airports were offered to private investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Fragoudaki, Alexandra & Giokas, Dimitrios, 2020. "Airport efficiency in the dawn of privatization: The case of Greece," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:86:y:2020:i:c:s0969699719303060
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2020.101821
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