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Evaluating the multi-period operating efficiency of international airports using data envelopment analysis and the Malmquist productivity index

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  • Ahn, Young-Hyo
  • Min, Hokey

Abstract

For the most part, airports are publicly or semi-publicly owned and operated with fixed assets. As such, airports have been often considered little more than infrastructure providers for airlines. However, as airports have begun to offer a variety of ancillary services including passenger transfers, re-fueling, parking, and shopping, they no longer play second fiddle to airlines. To come into their own, a growing number of airports realized their need to develop competitive strategies that can attract more air traffic and generate greater revenue. Such strategies start with the assessment of their competitiveness in terms of operating efficiencies relative to others. To help airport authorities identify major drivers for enhancing the airport operational efficiency and the subsequent competitiveness, this paper evaluates the comparative efficiencies of international airports for a multi-year period (2006–2011) using data envelopment analysis intended for dynamic benchmarking and Malmquist productivity index built on time-series analysis. Our study indicates that the productivity of an airport was influenced by exogenous factors such as shifts in government policies and technological advances rather than endogenous factors driven by improvements in managerial practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahn, Young-Hyo & Min, Hokey, 2014. "Evaluating the multi-period operating efficiency of international airports using data envelopment analysis and the Malmquist productivity index," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 12-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:39:y:2014:i:c:p:12-22
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2014.03.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Örkcü, H. Hasan & Balıkçı, Cemal & Dogan, Mustafa Isa & Genç, Aşır, 2016. "An evaluation of the operational efficiency of turkish airports using data envelopment analysis and the Malmquist productivity index: 2009–2014 case," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 92-104.
    2. Liu, Dan, 2016. "Measuring aeronautical service efficiency and commercial service efficiency of East Asia airport companies: An application of Network Data Envelopment Analysis," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 11-22.
    3. Gutiérrez, Ester & Lozano, Sebastián, 2016. "Efficiency assessment and output maximization possibilities of European small and medium sized airports," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 3-14.
    4. Liu, Dan, 2017. "Evaluating the multi-period efficiency of East Asia airport companies," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 71-82.
    5. Fragoudaki, Alexandra & Giokas, Dimitriοs & Glyptou, Kyriaki, 2016. "Efficiency and productivity changes in Greek airports during the crisis years 2010–2014," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 306-315.
    6. repec:eee:jaitra:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:4-13 is not listed on IDEAS

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