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Efficiency and productivity changes in Greek airports during the crisis years 2010–2014

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  • Fragoudaki, Alexandra
  • Giokas, Dimitriοs
  • Glyptou, Kyriaki

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the operating efficiency and productivity changes of the Greek airports, during the first years of the severe economic crisis in Greece (2010–2014), by using two methods: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Productivity index (MPI). Findings have shown that, despite the dramatic effects of the economic crisis on the socio-economic life of the country, overall airport efficiency and productivity improved, mainly due to exogenous factors such as international tourism growth. The MPI reveals that over the period of the study, airports have experienced an annual average increase in total factor productivity (TFP) of 0.9% (an increase of 3.6% over the examined period). On examining the components of this productivity change, it becomes evident that this is due to the combination of both positive (a slight progress) annual average technology change (0.5%) and technical efficiency change (0.4%). The results also indicate that 65.8% of airports have an increase in average TFP during the period 2010–2014, ranging between 0.4% and 20%. However, as Greek airports operate at poor levels of efficiency, there is still considerable space for improvements in most of the airports.

Suggested Citation

  • Fragoudaki, Alexandra & Giokas, Dimitriοs & Glyptou, Kyriaki, 2016. "Efficiency and productivity changes in Greek airports during the crisis years 2010–2014," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 306-315.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:57:y:2016:i:c:p:306-315
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2016.09.003
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:510-:d:131937 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Chen, Zhongfei & Barros, Carlos & Yu, Yanni, 2017. "Spatial distribution characteristic of Chinese airports: A spatial cost function approach," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 63-70.

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