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Skew mixture models for loss distributions: A Bayesian approach

Listed author(s):
  • Bernardi, Mauro
  • Maruotti, Antonello
  • Petrella, Lea

The derivation of loss distribution from insurance data is a very interesting research topic but at the same time not an easy task. To find an analytic solution to the loss distribution may be misleading although this approach is frequently adopted in the actuarial literature. Moreover, it is well recognized that the loss distribution is strongly skewed with heavy tails and presents small, medium and large size claims which hardly can be fitted by a single analytic and parametric distribution. Here we propose a finite mixture of Skew Normal distributions that provides a better characterization of insurance data. We adopt a Bayesian approach to estimate the model, providing the likelihood and the priors for the all unknown parameters; we implement an adaptive Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm to approximate the posterior distribution. We apply our approach to a well known Danish fire loss data and relevant risk measures, such as Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall probability, are evaluated as well.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Insurance: Mathematics and Economics.

Volume (Year): 51 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 617-623

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Handle: RePEc:eee:insuma:v:51:y:2012:i:3:p:617-623
DOI: 10.1016/j.insmatheco.2012.08.002
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  1. Bernardi, Mauro, 2013. "Risk measures for skew normal mixtures," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(8), pages 1819-1824.
  2. Ahn, Soohan & Kim, Joseph H.T. & Ramaswami, Vaidyanathan, 2012. "A new class of models for heavy tailed distributions in finance and insurance risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 43-52.
  3. Burnecki, Krzysztof & Misiorek, Adam & Weron, Rafal, 2010. "Loss Distributions," MPRA Paper 22163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Francesco Lagona & Marco Picone, 2012. "Model-based clustering of multivariate skew data with circular components and missing values," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(5), pages 927-945, September.
  5. Eling, Martin, 2012. "Fitting insurance claims to skewed distributions: Are the skew-normal and skew-student good models?," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 239-248.
  6. David J. Spiegelhalter & Nicola G. Best & Bradley P. Carlin & Angelika van der Linde, 2002. "Bayesian measures of model complexity and fit," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 64(4), pages 583-639.
  7. McNeil, Alexander J., 1997. "Estimating the Tails of Loss Severity Distributions Using Extreme Value Theory," ASTIN Bulletin: The Journal of the International Actuarial Association, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(01), pages 117-137, May.
  8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6069 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Bolance, Catalina & Guillen, Montserrat & Pelican, Elena & Vernic, Raluca, 2008. "Skewed bivariate models and nonparametric estimation for the CTE risk measure," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 386-393, December.
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