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The impact of unofficial out-of-pocket payments on satisfaction with education in Post-Soviet countries

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  • Habibov, Nazim
  • Cheung, Alex

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of unofficial out-of-pocket payments on satisfaction with education in the countries of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia. Linear IV indicates that out-of-pocket payments weaken satisfaction by a factor of −0.98, while biprobit indicates that out-of-pocket payments lessen satisfaction by 0.29 percentage points. At the same time, the interaction model demonstrates that the negative impact of paying unofficial out-of-pocket payments declines as quality of education improves. As quality of education deteriorates, the negative impact of paying unofficial out-of-pocket payments grows considerably.

Suggested Citation

  • Habibov, Nazim & Cheung, Alex, 2016. "The impact of unofficial out-of-pocket payments on satisfaction with education in Post-Soviet countries," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 70-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:injoed:v:49:y:2016:i:c:p:70-79
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2016.02.002
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