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The Growth Impact of Chinese Direct Investment on Host Developing Countries

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  • Fu, Xiaolan
  • Buckley, Peter J.
  • Fu, Xiaoqing Maggie

Abstract

This paper examines the growth impact of Chinese outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) on host developing countries and investigates whether it is different from that of OFDI from Western countries. The analysis covers the distinctive characteristics of Chinese OFDI, in particular, weak ownership advantages and strong state supportiveness, and how they influence the growth impact of OFDI through different transmission channels. Using a cross-country panel dataset for 52 countries over the 2004-2012 period and OFDI originating from China and the US as examples, the results attest to our argument that it is not absolute but relative ownership advantage and the gap-filling compatibilities between FDI and host economies that determine the growth impact of FDI on the host countries. It finds that both Chinese OFDI and US OFDI have a significant positive impact on capital accumulation in developing countries; however, Chinese OFDI has a stronger effect on employment and productivity growth than US OFDI. Moreover, the growth impact of Chinese OFDI is stronger in low-income countries, while US OFDI demonstrates significant effects mainly in middle-income countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Fu, Xiaolan & Buckley, Peter J. & Fu, Xiaoqing Maggie, 2020. "The Growth Impact of Chinese Direct Investment on Host Developing Countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:29:y:2020:i:2:s096959311930945x
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2019.101658
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