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Flexible hydrogen production implementation in the French power system: Expected impacts at the French and European levels


  • Caumon, Pauline
  • Lopez-Botet Zulueta, Miguel
  • Louyrette, Jérémy
  • Albou, Sandrine
  • Bourasseau, Cyril
  • Mansilla, Christine


In the future, the importance of hydrogen as an energy carrier could grow. Oil refining, injecting hydrogen into pipelines to decarbonize natural gas, or using hydrogen as a fuel are some of the possible applications. Combining hydrogen with CO2 to produce valuable products could also be a way to mitigate CO2 emissions. Besides, renewable energy development (mainly photovoltaic and wind) is one means of decarbonizing the European energy system. The fluctuating characteristic of these energies is independent from the level of electricity demand and can cause imbalance in the electric system.

Suggested Citation

  • Caumon, Pauline & Lopez-Botet Zulueta, Miguel & Louyrette, Jérémy & Albou, Sandrine & Bourasseau, Cyril & Mansilla, Christine, 2015. "Flexible hydrogen production implementation in the French power system: Expected impacts at the French and European levels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 556-562.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:81:y:2015:i:c:p:556-562
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Green, Richard & Hu, Helen & Vasilakos, Nicholas, 2011. "Turning the wind into hydrogen: The long-run impact on electricity prices and generating capacity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 3992-3998, July.
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    5. Olateju, Babatunde & Kumar, Amit, 2011. "Hydrogen production from wind energy in Western Canada for upgrading bitumen from oil sands," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 6326-6339.
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    7. Johansson, Daniella & Franck, Per-Åke & Berntsson, Thore, 2012. "Hydrogen production from biomass gasification in the oil refining industry – A system analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 212-227.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cany, Camille & Mansilla, Christine & da Costa, Pascal & Mathonnière, Gilles & Duquesnoy, Thierry & Baschwitz, Anne, 2016. "Nuclear and intermittent renewables: Two compatible supply options? The case of the French power mix," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 135-146.
    2. Robinius, Martin & Raje, Tanmay & Nykamp, Stefan & Rott, Tobias & Müller, Martin & Grube, Thomas & Katzenbach, Burkhard & Küppers, Stefan & Stolten, Detlef, 2018. "Power-to-Gas: Electrolyzers as an alternative to network expansion – An example from a distribution system operator," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 210(C), pages 182-197.
    3. Li, Yanxue & Gao, Weijun & Ruan, Yingjun, 2019. "Potential and sensitivity analysis of long-term hydrogen production in resolving surplus RES generation—a case study in Japan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 1164-1172.
    4. Tlili, Olfa & Mansilla, Christine & Robinius, Martin & Syranidis, Konstantinos & Reuss, Markus & Linssen, Jochen & André, Jean & Perez, Yannick & Stolten, Detlef, 2019. "Role of electricity interconnections and impact of the geographical scale on the French potential of producing hydrogen via electricity surplus by 2035," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 172(C), pages 977-990.
    5. Campíñez-Romero, Severo & Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Pérez-Molina, Clara & Mur-Pérez, Francisco, 2018. "A hydrogen refuelling stations infrastructure deployment for cities supported on fuel cell taxi roll-out," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 1018-1031.
    6. Czylkowski, Dariusz & Hrycak, Bartosz & Jasiński, Mariusz & Dors, Mirosław & Mizeraczyk, Jerzy, 2016. "Microwave plasma-based method of hydrogen production via combined steam reforming of methane," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 653-661.
    7. González-Aparicio, I. & Kapetaki, Z. & Tzimas, E., 2018. "Wind energy and carbon dioxide utilisation as an alternative business model for energy producers: A case study in Spain," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 222(C), pages 216-227.
    8. Blanco, Herib & Nijs, Wouter & Ruf, Johannes & Faaij, André, 2018. "Potential for hydrogen and Power-to-Liquid in a low-carbon EU energy system using cost optimization," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 232(C), pages 617-639.
    9. Speirs, Jamie & Balcombe, Paul & Johnson, Erin & Martin, Jeanne & Brandon, Nigel & Hawkes, Adam, 2018. "A greener gas grid: What are the options," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 291-297.
    10. Rahil, Abdulla & Gammon, Rupert & Brown, Neil, 2018. "Flexible operation of electrolyser at the garage forecourt to support grid balancing and exploitation of hydrogen as a clean fuel," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 125-138.
    11. Abdulla Rahil & Rupert Gammon, 2017. "Dispatchable Hydrogen Production at the Forecourt for Electricity Demand Shaping," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(10), pages 1-22, October.


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