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Microwave plasma-based method of hydrogen production via combined steam reforming of methane


  • Czylkowski, Dariusz
  • Hrycak, Bartosz
  • Jasiński, Mariusz
  • Dors, Mirosław
  • Mizeraczyk, Jerzy


This paper presents a contribution to the development of microwave plasma-based technology for hydrogen production. The efficiency of hydrogen production via combined steam reforming (i.e. with the addition of CO2 and water vapour) of methane in a waveguide-supplied metal cylinder-based microwave plasma source (MPS) was for the first time tested experimentally. The operating parameters were: microwave frequency of 2.45 GHz, maximum absorbed microwave power of 6 kW, and working gas (methane + CO2 + water vapour) flow rates up to 9000 NL/h. The tested parameters of hydrogen production efficiency were: the hydrogen production rate, energy yield, methane conversion degree, and hydrogen volume concentration in the outlet gas. It was proven that using the microwave system, the plasma steam reforming of methane can be run stably at high gas flow rates (several thousand NL/h). By optimizing the process input parameters, i.e. the absorbed microwave power, working gas composition and flow rate, an energy yield of hydrogen production of 42.9 g(H2)/kWh could be achieved. The test showed that the microwave plasma method presented in this paper can also be used efficiently for reforming other gaseous and liquid compounds. In this paper, a new plasma hybrid system for H2 production is also presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Czylkowski, Dariusz & Hrycak, Bartosz & Jasiński, Mariusz & Dors, Mirosław & Mizeraczyk, Jerzy, 2016. "Microwave plasma-based method of hydrogen production via combined steam reforming of methane," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 653-661.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:113:y:2016:i:c:p:653-661
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kim, Tae-Soo & Song, Soonho & Chun, Kwang-Min & Lee, Sang Hun, 2010. "An experimental study of syn-gas production via microwave plasma reforming of methane, iso-octane and gasoline," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 2734-2743.
    2. Guofeng, Xu & Xinwei, Ding, 2012. "Optimization geometries of a vortex gliding-arc reactor for partial oxidation of methane," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 333-339.
    3. Aleknaviciute, I. & Karayiannis, T.G. & Collins, M.W. & Xanthos, C., 2013. "Methane decomposition under a corona discharge to generate COx-free hydrogen," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 432-439.
    4. Hong, Yong C. & Lee, Sang J. & Shin, Dong H. & Kim, Ye J. & Lee, Bong J. & Cho, Seong Y. & Chang, Han S., 2012. "Syngas production from gasification of brown coal in a microwave torch plasma," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 36-40.
    5. Lin, Kuang C. & Lin, Yuan-Chung & Hsiao, Yi-Hsing, 2014. "Microwave plasma studies of Spirulina algae pyrolysis with relevance to hydrogen production," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 567-574.
    6. Caumon, Pauline & Lopez-Botet Zulueta, Miguel & Louyrette, Jérémy & Albou, Sandrine & Bourasseau, Cyril & Mansilla, Christine, 2015. "Flexible hydrogen production implementation in the French power system: Expected impacts at the French and European levels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 556-562.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ray, Debjyoti & Nepak, Devadutta & Vinodkumar, T. & Subrahmanyam, Ch., 2019. "g-C3N4 promoted DBD plasma assisted dry reforming of methane," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 630-638.
    2. Pashchenko, Dmitry, 2018. "First law energy analysis of thermochemical waste-heat recuperation by steam methane reforming," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 478-487.


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