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Hydrogen production from wind energy in Western Canada for upgrading bitumen from oil sands

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  • Olateju, Babatunde
  • Kumar, Amit

Abstract

Hydrogen is produced via steam methane reforming (SMR) for bitumen upgrading which results in significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Wind energy based hydrogen can reduce the GHG footprint of the bitumen upgrading industry. This paper is aimed at developing a detailed data-intensive techno-economic model for assessment of hydrogen production from wind energy via the electrolysis of water. The proposed wind/hydrogen plant is based on an expansion of an existing wind farm with unit wind turbine size of 1.8 MW and with a dual functionality of hydrogen production and electricity generation. An electrolyser size of 240 kW (50 Nm3 H2/h) and 360 kW (90 Nm3 H2/h) proved to be the optimal sizes for constant and variable flow rate electrolysers, respectively. The electrolyser sizes aforementioned yielded a minimum hydrogen production price at base case conditions of $10.15/kg H2 and $7.55/kg H2. The inclusion of a Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) of $0.13/kWh renders the production price of hydrogen equal to SMR i.e. $0.96/kg H2, with an internal rate of return (IRR) of 24%. The minimum hydrogen delivery cost was $4.96/kg H2 at base case conditions. The life cycle CO2 emissions is 6.35 kg CO2/kg H2 including hydrogen delivery to the upgrader via compressed gas trucks.

Suggested Citation

  • Olateju, Babatunde & Kumar, Amit, 2011. "Hydrogen production from wind energy in Western Canada for upgrading bitumen from oil sands," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 6326-6339.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:36:y:2011:i:11:p:6326-6339
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2011.09.045
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Verma, Aman & Olateju, Babatunde & Kumar, Amit, 2015. "Greenhouse gas abatement costs of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 556-568.
    2. Olateju, Babatunde & Kumar, Amit, 2013. "Techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG) in Western Canada with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) for upgrading bitumen from oil sands," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 428-440.
    3. Genç, Mustafa Serdar & Çelik, Muhammet & Karasu, İlyas, 2012. "A review on wind energy and wind–hydrogen production in Turkey: A case study of hydrogen production via electrolysis system supplied by wind energy conversion system in Central Anatolian Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(9), pages 6631-6646.
    4. Luo, Yu & Shi, Yixiang & Li, Wenying & Cai, Ningsheng, 2014. "Comprehensive modeling of tubular solid oxide electrolysis cell for co-electrolysis of steam and carbon dioxide," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 420-434.
    5. Stempien, Jan Pawel & Sun, Qiang & Chan, Siew Hwa, 2013. "Performance of power generation extension system based on solid-oxide electrolyzer cells under various design conditions," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 647-657.
    6. Wu, Liang & He, Yuehui & Lei, Ting & Nan, Bo & Xu, Nanping & Zou, Jin & Huang, Baiyun & Liu, C.T., 2014. "The stability of hydrogen evolution activity and corrosion behavior of porous Ni3Al–Mo electrode in alkaline solution during long-term electrolysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 19-26.
    7. Caumon, Pauline & Lopez-Botet Zulueta, Miguel & Louyrette, Jérémy & Albou, Sandrine & Bourasseau, Cyril & Mansilla, Christine, 2015. "Flexible hydrogen production implementation in the French power system: Expected impacts at the French and European levels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 556-562.
    8. Olateju, Babatunde & Monds, Joshua & Kumar, Amit, 2014. "Large scale hydrogen production from wind energy for the upgrading of bitumen from oil sands," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 48-56.
    9. Gavenas, Ekaterina & Rosendahl, Knut Einar & Skjerpen, Terje, 2015. "CO2-emissions from Norwegian oil and gas extraction," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 90(P2), pages 1956-1966.
    10. Rahimi, Sahand & Meratizaman, Mousa & Monadizadeh, Sina & Amidpour, Majid, 2014. "Techno-economic analysis of wind turbine–PEM (polymer electrolyte membrane) fuel cell hybrid system in standalone area," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 381-396.
    11. Rahil, Abdulla & Gammon, Rupert & Brown, Neil, 2018. "Flexible operation of electrolyser at the garage forecourt to support grid balancing and exploitation of hydrogen as a clean fuel," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 125-138.
    12. Davis, William & Martín, Mariano, 2014. "Optimal year-round operation for methane production from CO2 and water using wind energy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 497-505.
    13. Ouellette, A. & Rowe, A. & Sopinka, A. & Wild, P., 2014. "Achieving emissions reduction through oil sands cogeneration in Alberta’s deregulated electricity market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 13-21.
    14. Olateju, Babatunde & Kumar, Amit, 2016. "A techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production from hydropower in Western Canada for the upgrading of bitumen from oil sands," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(P1), pages 604-614.
    15. Nimana, Balwinder & Canter, Christina & Kumar, Amit, 2015. "Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in upgrading and refining of Canada's oil sands products," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 65-79.
    16. Mansilla, C. & Louyrette, J. & Albou, S. & Bourasseau, C. & Dautremont, S., 2013. "Economic competitiveness of off-peak hydrogen production today – A European comparison," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 996-1001.
    17. Charry-Sanchez, Jennifer & Betancourt-Torcat, Alberto & Ricardez-Sandoval, Luis, 2014. "An optimization energy model for the upgrading processes of Canadian unconventional oil," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 629-643.
    18. Nimana, Balwinder & Canter, Christina & Kumar, Amit, 2015. "Life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from Canada's oil sands-derived transportation fuels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 544-554.
    19. Betancourt-Torcat, Alberto & Elkamel, Ali & Ricardez-Sandoval, Luis, 2012. "A modeling study of the effect of carbon dioxide mitigation strategies, natural gas prices and steam consumption on the Canadian Oil Sands operations," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 1018-1033.
    20. Sapkota, Krishna & Oni, Abayomi Olufemi & Kumar, Amit & Linwei, Ma, 2018. "The development of a techno-economic model for the extraction, transportation, upgrading, and shipping of Canadian oil sands products to the Asia-Pacific region," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 223(C), pages 273-292.
    21. Mehra, Roopesh Kumar & Duan, Hao & Juknelevičius, Romualdas & Ma, Fanhua & Li, Junyin, 2017. "Progress in hydrogen enriched compressed natural gas (HCNG) internal combustion engines - A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 1458-1498.
    22. Wu, Liang & He, Yuehui & Lei, Ting & Nan, Bo & Xu, Nanping & Zou, Jin & Huang, Baiyun & Liu, C.T., 2013. "Characterization of the porous Ni3Al–Mo electrodes during hydrogen generation from alkaline water electrolysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 216-224.

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