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Determining the lowest-cost hydrogen delivery mode

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  • Yang, Christopher
  • Ogden, Joan M

Abstract

Hydrogen delivery is a critical contributor to the cost, energy use and emissions associated with hydrogen pathways involving central plant production. The choice of the lowest-cost delivery mode (compressed gas trucks, cryogenic liquid trucks or gas pipelines) will depend upon specific geographic and market characteristics (e.g. city population and radius, population density, size and number of refueling stations and market penetration of fuel cell vehicles). We developed models to characterize delivery distances and to estimate costs, emissions and energy use from various parts of the delivery chain (e.g. compression or liquefaction, delivery and refueling stations). Results show that compressed gas truck delivery is ideal for small stations and very low demand, liquid delivery is ideal for long distance delivery and moderate demand and pipeline delivery is ideal for dense areas with large hydrogen demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang, Christopher & Ogden, Joan M, 2007. "Determining the lowest-cost hydrogen delivery mode," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt1804p4vw, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:itsdav:qt1804p4vw
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Parker, Nathan, 2004. "Using Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt9m40m75r, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    2. Weinert, Jonathan X., 2005. "A Near-Term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt3345f3wx, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    3. Weinert, Jonathan X., 2005. "A Near-term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt5m29d821, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    4. Parker, Nathan, 2004. "Using Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt2gk0j8kq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    5. Ogden, Joan M & Yang, Christopher & Johnson, Nils & Ni, Jason & Lin, Zhenhong, 2005. "Technical and Economic Assessment of Transition Strategies Toward Widespread Use of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt7hf7r2bf, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    6. Weinert, Jonathan X., 2005. "A Near-Term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4mg378cf, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    7. Ogden, J & Yang, Christopher & Johnson, Nils & Ni, Jason & Lin, Zhenhong, 2005. "Technical And Economic Assessment Of Transition Strategies Toward Widespread Use Of Hydrogen As An Energy Carrier," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt2jj0p5b2, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
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    Keywords

    UCD-ITS-RP-07-40; Engineering;

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