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Estimating road transport fuel consumption in Ecuador

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  • Sierra, Jaime Cevallos

Abstract

Road transport is one of the sectors with highest energy consumptions in the planet, with large dependence of fossil fuels, and contribution for global greenhouse gas emissions. Although, Latin America is not a high-energy consumer, its share in global consumption is expected to grow, especially in the transportation sector. This make essential for developing countries the adoption of better policies to identify the vehicle groups with largest fuel demands. The present study describes the VKT technique to disaggregate road transport energy consumption by vehicle type, applied to the road transportation system of Ecuador. It also describes the procedures performed to estimate the variables required to run the model, and some of the practical applications that be used to create public policies. Results show as the biggest fuel consumers the heavy-duty freight cargo, followed by light duty vehicles. The estimation of greenhouse gas emissions evidence that road transport released 14.3 million tons of CO2 in 2012. When fuel consumption is compared by it costs, it can be confirmed that Ecuadorean Government covered, through subsidies, for 68% of the annual fuel costs of national road transport, demonstrating the importance of restructuring these expenditures in order to achieve an efficient road transport system.

Suggested Citation

  • Sierra, Jaime Cevallos, 2016. "Estimating road transport fuel consumption in Ecuador," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 359-368.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:92:y:2016:i:c:p:359-368
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.02.008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Flavio R. Arroyo M. & Luis J. Miguel, 2020. "The Role of Renewable Energies for the Sustainable Energy Governance and Environmental Policies for the Mitigation of Climate Change in Ecuador," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(15), pages 1-18, July.
    4. Jean-Michel Clairand & Carlos Álvarez-Bel & Javier Rodríguez-García & Guillermo Escrivá-Escrivá, 2020. "Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging Strategy on the Long-Term Planning of an Isolated Microgrid," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(13), pages 1-18, July.
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    6. Castro Verdezoto, Pedro L. & Vidoza, Jorge A. & Gallo, Waldyr L.R., 2019. "Analysis and projection of energy consumption in Ecuador: Energy efficiency policies in the transportation sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    7. Giulia Maesano & Giuseppe Di Vita & Gaetano Chinnici & Gioacchino Pappalardo & Mario D'Amico, 2020. "The Role of Credence Attributes in Consumer Choices of Sustainable Fish Products: A Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(23), pages 1-18, November.
    8. Jean-Michel Clairand, 2019. "Participation of Electric Vehicle Aggregators in Ancillary Services Considering Users’ Preferences," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-17, December.
    9. Terneus Páez, Carlos Francisco & Viteri Salazar, Oswaldo, 2020. "Analysis of agro-food transport in Ecuador faced with a possible reduction in the subsidy of diesel," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    10. Gao, Jianbing & Tian, Guohong & Ma, Chaochen & Xing, Shikai & Jenner, Phil, 2021. "Performance explorations of a naturally aspirated opposed rotary piston engine fuelled with hydrogen under part load and stoichiometric conditions using a numerical simulation approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 222(C).

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