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On the causal nexus of road transport CO2 emissions and macroeconomic variables in Tunisia: Evidence from combined cointegration tests

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  • Shahbaz, Muhammad
  • Khraief, Naceur
  • Jemaa, Mohamed Mekki Ben

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal relationship between road transportation energy consumption, fuel prices, transport sector value added and CO2 emissions in Tunisia for the period of 1980–2012. We apply the newly developed combined cointegration test proposed by Bayer, C, Hanck, C. Combining non‐cointegration tests. J Time Ser Anal 2013; 34(1): 83–95 and the ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration for establishing the existence of long-run relationship in presence of structural breaks. The direction of causality between these variables is determined via vector error correction model (VECM).

Suggested Citation

  • Shahbaz, Muhammad & Khraief, Naceur & Jemaa, Mohamed Mekki Ben, 2015. "On the causal nexus of road transport CO2 emissions and macroeconomic variables in Tunisia: Evidence from combined cointegration tests," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 89-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:89-100
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.014
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    Cited by:

    1. Jie-Fang Dong & Chun Deng & Xing-Min Wang & Xiao-Lei Zhang, 2016. "Multilevel Index Decomposition of Energy-Related Carbon Emissions and Their Decoupling from Economic Growth in Northwest China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(9), pages 1-17, August.
    2. Xue-Ting Jiang & Jie-Fang Dong & Xing-Min Wang & Rong-Rong Li, 2016. "The Multilevel Index Decomposition of Energy-Related Carbon Emission and Its Decoupling with Economic Growth in USA," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-16, August.
    3. El Montasser, Ghassen & Gupta, Rangan & Martins, Andre Luis & Wanke, Peter, 2015. "Are there multiple bubbles in the ethanol–gasoline price ratio of Brazil?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 19-23.
    4. repec:eee:trapol:v:59:y:2017:i:c:p:64-70 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:energy:v:125:y:2017:i:c:p:44-54 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:transa:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:78-95 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Road transport; CO2 emissions; Tunisia;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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