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Carbon capture and storage: Fundamental thermodynamics and current technology

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  • Page, S.C.
  • Williamson, A.G.
  • Mason, I.G.

Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is considered a leading technology for reducing CO2 emissions from fossil-fuelled electricity generation plants and could permit the continued use of coal and gas whilst meeting greenhouse gas targets. However considerable energy is required for the capture, compression, transport and storage steps involved. In this paper, energy penalty information in the literature is reviewed, and thermodynamically ideal and "real world" energy penalty values are calculated. For a sub-critical pulverized coal (PC) plant, the energy penalty values for 100% capture are 48.6% and 43.5% for liquefied CO2, and for CO2 compressed to 11Â MPa, respectively. When assumptions for supercritical plants were incorporated, results were in broad agreement with published values arising from process modelling. However, we show that energy use in existing capture operations is considerably greater than indicated by most projections. Full CCS demonstration plants are now required to verify modelled energy penalty values. However, it appears unlikely that CCS will deliver significant CO2 reductions in a timely fashion. In addition, many uncertainties remain over the permanence of CO2 storage, either in geological formations, or beneath the ocean. We conclude that further investment in CCS should be seriously questioned by policy makers.

Suggested Citation

  • Page, S.C. & Williamson, A.G. & Mason, I.G., 2009. "Carbon capture and storage: Fundamental thermodynamics and current technology," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3314-3324, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:9:p:3314-3324
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    1. Obama’s Clean Electricity Standard: “A Menu Without Prices”
      by James Handley in Carbon Tax Center on 2011-01-29 07:04:38

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    8. Lin, Chih-Wei & Nazeri, Mahmoud & Bhattacharji, Ayan & Spicer, George & Maroto-Valer, M. Mercedes, 2016. "Apparatus and method for calibrating a Coriolis mass flow meter for carbon dioxide at pressure and temperature conditions represented to CCS pipeline operations," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 759-764.
    9. Zhang, Qiyan & Liu, Yanxing & Cao, Yuhao & Li, Zhengyuan & Hou, Jiachen & Gou, Xiang, 2023. "Parametric study and optimization of MEA-based carbon capture for a coal and biomass co-firing power plant," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 205(C), pages 838-850.
    10. Akhtar, Farid & Andersson, Linnéa & Keshavarzi, Neda & Bergström, Lennart, 2012. "Colloidal processing and CO2 capture performance of sacrificially templated zeolite monoliths," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 289-296.
    11. Parvareh, Forough & Sharma, Manish & Qadir, Abdul & Milani, Dia & Khalilpour, Rajab & Chiesa, Matteo & Abbas, Ali, 2014. "Integration of solar energy in coal-fired power plants retrofitted with carbon capture: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 1029-1044.
    12. Graeme J. Collie & Mahmoud Nazeri & Amir Jahanbakhsh & Chih‐Wei Lin & M. Mercedes Maroto‐Valer, 2017. "Review of flowmeters for carbon dioxide transport in CCS applications," Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 7(1), pages 10-28, February.
    13. Mokhtar, Marwan & Ali, Muhammad Tauha & Khalilpour, Rajab & Abbas, Ali & Shah, Nilay & Hajaj, Ahmed Al & Armstrong, Peter & Chiesa, Matteo & Sgouridis, Sgouris, 2012. "Solar-assisted Post-combustion Carbon Capture feasibility study," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 668-676.
    14. Leung, Dennis Y.C. & Caramanna, Giorgio & Maroto-Valer, M. Mercedes, 2014. "An overview of current status of carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 426-443.
    15. Zhao, Ruikai & Deng, Shuai & Liu, Yinan & Zhao, Qing & He, Junnan & Zhao, Li, 2017. "Carbon pump: Fundamental theory and applications," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 1131-1143.
    16. Vinjarapu, Sai Hema Bhavya & Neerup, Randi & Larsen, Anders Hellerup & Jørsboe, Jens Kristian & Villadsen, Sebastian Nis Bay & Jensen, Søren & Karlsson, Jakob Lindkvist & Kappel, Jannik & Lassen, Henr, 2024. "Results from pilot-scale CO2 capture testing using 30 wt% MEA at a Waste-to-Energy facility: Optimisation through parametric analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 355(C).
    17. Liu, Yinan & Deng, Shuai & Zhao, Ruikai & He, Junnan & Zhao, Li, 2017. "Energy-saving pathway exploration of CCS integrated with solar energy: A review of innovative concepts," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 652-669.
    18. Castelo Branco, David A. & Moura, Maria Cecilia P. & Szklo, Alexandre & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2013. "Emissions reduction potential from CO2 capture: A life-cycle assessment of a Brazilian coal-fired power plant," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1221-1235.
    19. Sathre, Roger & Chester, Mikhail & Cain, Jennifer & Masanet, Eric, 2012. "A framework for environmental assessment of CO2 capture and storage systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 540-548.
    20. Mason, I.G. & Page, S.C. & Williamson, A.G., 2010. "A 100% renewable electricity generation system for New Zealand utilising hydro, wind, geothermal and biomass resources," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 3973-3984, August.

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    CCS Energy penalty Coal;

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