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Operational performance of the Bangladesh rural electrification program and its determinants with a focus on political interference

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  • Taniguchi, Mariko
  • Kaneko, Shinji

Abstract

This article tries to quantitatively capture the effect of political intervention on the operational performance of the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Program (REP). Firstly, efficiency changes over the last 15 years of rural electric cooperatives in the REP are examined using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Then, the critical determinants of the efficiency changes including political indicator are identified with an application of the Tobit model. Results from the DEA analysis show the overall efficiency score, on a scale of zero to one, changes in the 0.856-0.929 range in 15 years, with two turnaround points in 1996 and 2001. These are the years that the national elections were held. The results also find a gap between the efficient rural electric cooperatives and the inefficient rural electric cooperatives. The results of the Tobit model imply that political power has a negative impact on efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Taniguchi, Mariko & Kaneko, Shinji, 2009. "Operational performance of the Bangladesh rural electrification program and its determinants with a focus on political interference," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 2433-2439, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:6:p:2433-2439
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    Cited by:

    1. Ram P. Dhital & Yutaka Ito & Shinji Kaneko & Satoru Komatsu & Ryota Mihara & Yuichiro Yoshida, 2016. "Does Institutional Failure Undermine the Physical Design Performance of Solar Water Pumping Systems in Rural Nepal?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-11, August.
    2. repec:eee:energy:v:139:y:2017:i:c:p:433-446 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Komatsu, Satoru & Kaneko, Shinji & Ghosh, Partha Pratim & Morinaga, Akane, 2013. "Determinants of user satisfaction with solar home systems in rural Bangladesh," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 52-58.
    4. Xie, Bai-Chen & Shang, Li-Feng & Yang, Si-Bo & Yi, Bo-Wen, 2014. "Dynamic environmental efficiency evaluation of electric power industries: Evidence from OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countrie," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 147-157.
    5. Yutaka Ito & Ram Dhital & Daisaku Goto & Masaru Ichihashi & Takahiro Ito & Shinji Kaneko & Keisuke Kawata & Yuki Yamamoto & Satoru Komatsu & Yuichiro Yoshida, 2014. "Social Factors Determining the Physical Design Performances of the Solar Water Pumping Systems in Rural Nepal," IDEC DP2 Series 4-2, Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC).
    6. repec:hir:idecdp:3-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Pombo, Carlos & Taborda, Rodrigo, 2006. "Performance and efficiency in Colombia's power distribution system: Effects of the 1994 reform," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 339-369, May.
    8. Rahman, Md. Mizanur & Paatero, Jukka V. & Poudyal, Aditya & Lahdelma, Risto, 2013. "Driving and hindering factors for rural electrification in developing countries: Lessons from Bangladesh," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 840-851.
    9. Johannes Breit & Satoru Komatsu & Shinji Kaneko & Partha Pratim Ghosh, 2016. "Evaluating households’ preferences regarding reducing power outages in rural areas: cases in the Ganges Floodplain in Bangladesh," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 73-94, February.
    10. Zhou, Yan & Xing, Xinpeng & Fang, Kuangnan & Liang, Dapeng & Xu, Chunlin, 2013. "Environmental efficiency analysis of power industry in China based on an entropy SBM model," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 68-75.
    11. Lahimer, A.A. & Alghoul, M.A. & Yousif, Fadhil & Razykov, T.M. & Amin, N. & Sopian, K., 2013. "Research and development aspects on decentralized electrification options for rural household," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 314-324.
    12. Javadi, F.S. & Rismanchi, B. & Sarraf, M. & Afshar, O. & Saidur, R. & Ping, H.W. & Rahim, N.A., 2013. "Global policy of rural electrification," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 402-416.

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