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Sectoral analysis for international technology development and transfer: Cases of coal-fired power generation, cement and aluminium in China


  • Cai, Wenjia
  • Wang, Can
  • Liu, Wenling
  • Mao, Ziwei
  • Yu, Huichao
  • Chen, Jining


The sector-based decisions in Bali Action Plan have made "cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions" one of the most promising ways to achieve substantial progress in technology transfer. This paper makes a more fundamental examination of the intrinsic characteristics, ongoing mitigation efforts, and mitigation difficulties and barriers in China's principle energy-intensive sectors, hoping to lay a foundation of using "cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions" to enhance international technology development and transfer. It is found that great mitigation achievements had been made in coal-fired power generation, cement and aluminium sectors through various policies. About 420 million tons (Mt), 234 and 48Â Mt of CO2-e have been reduced, respectively, from 2001 to 2007. However, factors such as fast-growing development needs, low-quality resources and carbon-intensive energy mix, huge disparities within sector, poor technology, equipment and financial status of plants, low level of employers' abilities as well as huge social costs are causing big difficulties and barriers to further mitigate sectoral greenhouse gas in China. Therefore it is strongly advocated that the existing and possible new sectoral approaches try to consider these factual barriers as comprehensively as possible. Finally the paper concludes with two fields of future work to do.

Suggested Citation

  • Cai, Wenjia & Wang, Can & Liu, Wenling & Mao, Ziwei & Yu, Huichao & Chen, Jining, 2009. "Sectoral analysis for international technology development and transfer: Cases of coal-fired power generation, cement and aluminium in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 2283-2291, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:6:p:2283-2291

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. den Elzen, Michel & Höhne, Niklas & Moltmann, Sara, 2008. "The Triptych approach revisited: A staged sectoral approach for climate mitigation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 1107-1124, March.
    2. World Bank, 2007. "World Development Indicators 2007," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 8150, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lin, Boqiang & Wu, Ya & Zhang, Li, 2011. "Estimates of the potential for energy conservation in the Chinese steel industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3680-3689, June.
    2. Hongyu Long & Kunyao Xu & Ruilin Xu & Jianjun He, 2012. "More Wind Power Integration with Adjusted Energy Carriers for Space Heating in Northern China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(9), pages 1-16, August.
    3. Fujii, Hidemichi & Managi, Shunsuke & Kaneko, Shinji, 2019. "Decomposition analysis of air pollution abatement in China: Empirical study for ten industrial sectors from 1998 to 2009," MPRA Paper 92234, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Li, Jia & Tharakan, Pradeep & Macdonald, Douglas & Liang, Xi, 2013. "Technological, economic and financial prospects of carbon dioxide capture in the cement industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1377-1387.
    5. He, Feng & Zhang, Qingzhi & Lei, Jiasu & Fu, Weihui & Xu, Xiaoning, 2013. "Energy efficiency and productivity change of China’s iron and steel industry: Accounting for undesirable outputs," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 204-213.
    6. Cai, Wenjia & Wang, Can & Chen, Jining & Wang, Siqiang, 2012. "Sectoral crediting mechanism: How far China has to go," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 770-778.
    7. Lin, Boqiang & Wang, Xiaolei, 2014. "Promoting energy conservation in China's iron & steel sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 465-474.
    8. Song, Yi & Huang, Jian-Bai & Feng, Chao, 2018. "Decomposition of energy-related CO2 emissions in China's iron and steel industry: A comprehensive decomposition framework," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 103-116.
    9. Liu, Xianbing & Wang, Can & Zhang, Weishi & Suk, Sunhee & Sudo, Kinichi, 2013. "Company's affordability of increased energy costs due to climate policies: A survey by sector in China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 419-430.
    10. Liu, Xianbing & Niu, Dongjie & Bao, Cunkuan & Suk, Sunhee & Sudo, Kinichi, 2013. "Affordability of energy cost increases for companies due to market-based climate policies: A survey in Taicang, China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 1464-1476.
    11. Xianbing Liu & Sunhee Suk & Kinichi Sudo, 2012. "GHG emissions trading schemes in Northeast Asia: an overview and analysis of current scenarios," Chapters, in: Larry Kreiser & Ana Yábar Sterling & Pedro Herrera & Janet E. Milne & Hope Ashiabor (ed.),Carbon Pricing, Growth and the Environment, chapter 10, pages 149-166, Edward Elgar Publishing.


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