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Urban and rural energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in Asia

Author

Listed:
  • Krey, Volker
  • O'Neill, Brian C.
  • van Ruijven, Bas
  • Chaturvedi, Vaibhav
  • Daioglou, Vassilis
  • Eom, Jiyong
  • Jiang, Leiwen
  • Nagai, Yu
  • Pachauri, Shonali
  • Ren, Xiaolin

Abstract

The process of urbanization has been shown to be important for economic development, environmental impacts and human wellbeing, particularly in developing countries. In this paper we compare structure, data sources and scenario results of four integrated assessment models that are capable of analyzing different aspects of urbanization. The comparison focuses on residential sector energy use and related CO2 emissions based on a set of urbanization scenarios for China and India. Important insights from this model comparison include that (i) total fossil fuel and industrial CO2 emissions at the regional level are not very sensitive to alternative rates of urbanization and are largely dependent on the linkage between urbanization and economic growth via differentiated labor productivity in urban and rural areas, (ii) alternative urbanization pathways may yield different results for the share of solid fuels in residential energy use, thereby affecting the number of people relying on these fuels and the associated adverse health impacts, and (iii) alternative economic growth scenarios can only be assessed for their welfare implications if urban and rural household are distinguished, even though that distinction does not always strongly affect aggregate outcomes which is often due to two effects that compensate each other in total. It can be concluded that urbanization and heterogeneity of households and consumers are clearly relevant for distributional effects and associated health and social impacts.

Suggested Citation

  • Krey, Volker & O'Neill, Brian C. & van Ruijven, Bas & Chaturvedi, Vaibhav & Daioglou, Vassilis & Eom, Jiyong & Jiang, Leiwen & Nagai, Yu & Pachauri, Shonali & Ren, Xiaolin, 2012. "Urban and rural energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in Asia," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(S3), pages 272-283.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:34:y:2012:i:s3:p:s272-s283
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2012.04.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. van Ruijven, Bas J. & van Vuuren, Detlef P. & van Vliet, Jasper & Mendoza Beltran, Angelica & Deetman, Sebastiaan & den Elzen, Michel G.J., 2012. "Implications of greenhouse gas emission mitigation scenarios for the main Asian regions," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(S3), pages 459-469.
    2. O'Neill, Brian C. & Ren, Xiaolin & Jiang, Leiwen & Dalton, Michael, 2012. "The effect of urbanization on energy use in India and China in the iPETS model," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(S3), pages 339-345.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Integrated assessment model; Urbanization; Household energy use; CO2 emissions; Asia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
    • P28 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Natural Resources; Environment
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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