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Fuel Choices in Rural Maharashtra

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  • Gregory, Jack
  • Stern, David I.

Abstract

Traditional biomass remains a large source of energy in developing countries, particular in rural areas. Use of biomass can contribute to deforestation and hence climate change as well as indoor air pollution. Therefore, significant efforts have been made to improve the efficiency with which it is used and to reduce particulate emissions through the adoption of improved stoves and to transition households to modern energy carriers. We report on and analyze the results of an energy use survey in two tribal villages in rural Maharashtra, India. Though there is significant heterogeneity between the effects of the variables in the two villages there are some robust results. We find modest evidence for the ‘energy ladder’ hypothesis and that use of higher quality energy sources reduces total energy use ceteris paribus. Income elasticities of fuel demand are small. Additionally, we demonstrate that household size, stove ownership, and season influence rural energy choices. However, the effects of improved stoves are small and not consistent across the villages.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory, Jack & Stern, David I., 2012. "Fuel Choices in Rural Maharashtra," Working Papers 249398, Australian National University, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ancewp:249398
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.249398
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    File URL: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/249398/files/CCEP1207.pdf
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. My Year in Review 2013
      by David Stern in Stochastic Trend on 2013-12-24 10:20:00
    2. Fuel Choices in Rural Maharashtra
      by David Stern in Stochastic Trend on 2012-09-07 08:01:00

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumer/Household Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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