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Forecasting spot price volatility using the short-term forward curve

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  • Haugom, Erik
  • Ullrich, Carl J.

Abstract

We use high frequency real time spot prices and day-ahead forward prices from the Pennsylvania–New Jersey–Maryland wholesale electricity market to calculate, describe, and forecast spot price volatility. We introduce the concept of forward realized volatility calculated from day-ahead forward prices. Forward realized volatility improves forecasts of spot price volatility – in the sense of higher R2s and significantly lower forecast errors – when compared with forecasts based solely upon historical volatility. The largest forecast improvements obtained when the change in forward realized volatility is large in magnitude. Splitting total volatility into its continuous and jump components is crucial for forecasting volatility at weekly and monthly horizons.

Suggested Citation

  • Haugom, Erik & Ullrich, Carl J., 2012. "Forecasting spot price volatility using the short-term forward curve," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1826-1833.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:34:y:2012:i:6:p:1826-1833
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2012.07.017
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ciarreta, Aitor & Zarraga, Ainhoa, 2016. "Modeling realized volatility on the Spanish intra-day electricity market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 152-163.
    2. Mawuli Segnon & Chi Keung Lau & Bernd Wilfling & Rangan Gupta, 2017. "Are multifractal processes suited to forecasting electricity price volatility? Evidence from Australian intraday data," CQE Working Papers 6117, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster.
    3. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2016. "Asymmetric volatility in European day-ahead power markets: A comparative microeconomic analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 398-409.
    4. Jakub Nowotarski & Jakub Tomczyk & Rafal Weron, 2013. "Modeling and forecasting of the long-term seasonal component of the EEX and Nord Pool spot prices," HSC Research Reports HSC/13/02, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    5. Weron, Rafał & Zator, Michał, 2015. "A note on using the Hodrick–Prescott filter in electricity markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 1-6.
    6. Weron, Rafał, 2014. "Electricity price forecasting: A review of the state-of-the-art with a look into the future," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1030-1081.
    7. Nowotarski, Jakub & Tomczyk, Jakub & Weron, Rafał, 2013. "Robust estimation and forecasting of the long-term seasonal component of electricity spot prices," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 13-27.
    8. Werner, Dan, 2014. "Electricity Market Price Volatility: The Importance of Ramping Costs," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 169619, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    9. Qu, Hui & Chen, Wei & Niu, Mengyi & Li, Xindan, 2016. "Forecasting realized volatility in electricity markets using logistic smooth transition heterogeneous autoregressive models," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 68-76.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Volatility forecasting; Realized volatility; Implied volatility; Forward prices; Electricity markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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