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Determinants of dividend smoothing in emerging market: The case of Korea


  • Jeong, Jinho


Dividend smoothing is a well-established empirical fact in developed countries. This paper investigates the dividend smoothing behavior in Korea where the tax regime and institutional settings of the financial market are different from those of developed countries. The empirical evidence shows that the dividend smoothing decision is influenced not only by a firm's characteristics, but also by macroeconomic factors such as tax and interest rates. Detailed results are as follows. First, application of the Lintner model shows that the extent of dividend smoothing in Korean firms is found to be less than that in the U.S. firms. Second, size, risk, growth and large shareholder ownership are found to be important determinants of dividend smoothing. Larger firms and lower growth firms smooth dividends more. Riskier firms tend to smooth more during the sample period while safer firms smooth dividends more for the post-liberalization period. These results are not consistent with the predictions of information asymmetry models. In addition, contrary to the agency theory based explanations of dividend smoothing, firms with concentrated ownership smooth dividend more. Finally, as for the effect of macroeconomic factors on dividend smoothing, both tax and interest rates are found to have significantly positive relationships with the degree of dividend smoothing. These findings suggest that institutional factors of financial market can play a critical role in understanding the dividend behavior in emerging markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeong, Jinho, 2013. "Determinants of dividend smoothing in emerging market: The case of Korea," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 76-88.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ememar:v:17:y:2013:i:c:p:76-88
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ememar.2013.08.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Quoc Trung Tran & Thi Thu Ha Nguyen, 2014. "Dividend Policy Behavior in Emerging Stock Markets: Evidence from Vietnamese Stock Market," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 5(4), pages 85-89, October.
    2. Gonzalez, Maximiliano & Molina, Carlos A. & Pablo, Eduardo & Rosso, John W., 2017. "The effect of ownership concentration and composition on dividends: Evidence from Latin America," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 1-18.
    3. repec:eee:glofin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jakub Kwiatkowski, 2017. "R&D activity and dividend policy of companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange," Working Papers of Economics of European Integration Division 1702, The Univeristy of Gdansk, Faculty of Economics, Economics of European Integration Division.

    More about this item


    Macroeconomic factors; Tax; Financial liberalization; Dividend smoothing; Lintner model;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G35 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Payout Policy
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General


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