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An international analysis of dividend smoothing

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  • Javakhadze, David
  • Ferris, Stephen P.
  • Sen, Nilanjan

Abstract

This study examines the extent to which agency-based models and asymmetric information theories explain dividend smoothing around the world. Tests on a cross-section of more than two thousand firms from twenty-four countries show that managers of firms with low market-to-book ratios and less cash engage in greater dividend smoothing. Further, firms with highly-concentrated ownership structure and strong corporate governance smooth dividends less. In addition, managers of firms in industries facing high levels of competition smooth dividends more. We also determine that the extent of legal protections provided to shareholders and the culture of the country in which the firm is incorporated, as well as tax regime, have additional explanatory power for dividend smoothing. Our results are most consistent with the simultaneous presence of agency and information asymmetry effects in the decision to smooth dividends.

Suggested Citation

  • Javakhadze, David & Ferris, Stephen P. & Sen, Nilanjan, 2014. "An international analysis of dividend smoothing," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 200-220.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:200-220
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2014.09.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Onali, Enrico, 2016. "Can we predict dividend cuts?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 71-76.
    2. Gao, Lei & Zhang, Joseph H., 2015. "Firms’ earnings smoothing, corporate social responsibility, and valuation," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 108-127.
    3. repec:gam:jijfss:v:6:y:2018:i:4:p:93-:d:184080 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Cao, Chunfang & Xia, Changyuan & Chan, Kam C., 2016. "Social trust and stock price crash risk: Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 148-165.
    5. David, Thomas & Ginglinger, Edith, 2016. "When cutting dividends is not bad news: The case of optional stock dividends," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 174-191.
    6. Mathias Hoffmann & Egor Maslov & Bent E. Sørensen & Iryna Stewen, 2018. "Are banking and capital markets union complements? Evidence from channels of risk sharing in the eurozone," ECON - Working Papers 311, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    7. Kamoto, Shinsuke, 2017. "Managerial innovation incentives, management buyouts, and shareholders' intolerance of failure," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 55-74.
    8. Jakub Kwiatkowski, 2017. "R&D activity and dividend policy of companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange," Working Papers of Economics of European Integration Division 1702, The Univeristy of Gdansk, Faculty of Economics, Economics of European Integration Division.
    9. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:374-392 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dividend smoothing; Information asymmetry; Agency costs; Ownership structure;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • G35 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Payout Policy

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