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Collective bargaining, firm heterogeneity and unemployment

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  • Jimeno, Juan F.
  • Thomas, Carlos

Abstract

We compare labor market outcomes under firm-level and sector-level bargaining in a one-sector Mortensen-Pissarides economy with firm-specific productivity shocks. Our main theoretical results are two-fold. First, unemployment is lower under firm-level bargaining, due both to a lower job destruction rate and a higher job-finding rate. Key to this result is the interplay between firm heterogeneity and wage compression under sector-level bargaining. Second, introducing efficient opting-out of sector-level agreements suffices to bring unemployment down to its level under decentralized bargaining.

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  • Jimeno, Juan F. & Thomas, Carlos, 2013. "Collective bargaining, firm heterogeneity and unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 63-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:59:y:2013:i:c:p:63-79
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2012.11.009
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    Cited by:

    1. Cardullo, Gabriele & Conti, Maurizio & Sulis, Giovanni, 2018. "Unions, Two-Tier Bargaining and Physical Capital Investment: Theory and Firm-Level Evidence from Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 12008, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Claudio Lucifora & Daria Vigani, 2021. "Losing Control? Unions’ Representativeness, Pirate Collective Agreements, and Wages," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 188-218, April.
    3. Michal Andrle & Mr. Alvar Kangur & Mr. Mehdi Raissi, 2018. "Italy: Quantifying the Benefits of a Comprehensive Reform Package," IMF Working Papers 2018/060, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Effrosyni Adamopoulou & Ernesto Villanueva, 2020. "Wage determination and the bite of collective contracts in Italy and Spain: evidence from the metal working industry," Working Papers 2036, Banco de España.
    5. Pedro S. Martins, 2021. "30,000 Minimum Wages: The Economic Effects of Collective Bargaining Extensions," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 59(2), pages 335-369, June.
    6. Ana Karina Alfaro Moreno & José Javier Núñez Velázquez, 2019. "Utilization of Mixed Distributions in the Calculation of Polarization: The Case of Spain," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 142(3), pages 911-946, April.
    7. Francesco Palma & Yann Thommen, 2020. "Employment Protection Reform in European Labor Markets: The Collective Bargaining Regime Matters," De Economist, Springer, vol. 168(4), pages 541-575, December.
    8. Murtin, Fabrice & de Serres, Alain & Hijzen, Alexander, 2014. "Unemployment and the coverage extension of collective wage agreements," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 52-66.
    9. Mr. Alvar Kangur, 2018. "Competitiveness and Wage Bargaining Reform in Italy," IMF Working Papers 2018/061, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Samuel Bentolila & Juan Dolado & Juan Jimeno, 2012. "Reforming an insider-outsider labor market: the Spanish experience," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 1(1), pages 1-29, December.
    11. Andrea Garnero & Claudio Lucifora, 2020. "Turning A Blind Eye? Compliance To Minimum Wages And Employment," DISCE - Working Papers del Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza def085, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    12. Brändle, Tobias & Baumann, Florian, 2013. "Union Bargaining and Intra-Industry Productivity Differentials: Theory and Evidence from Germany," VfS Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79852, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Daphne Nicolitsas, 2021. "The impact of regulations and institutions on competitiveness and productivity: the case of Greece," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 18(1), pages 23-47, June.
    14. Andrea Garnero & François Rycx & Isabelle Terraz, 2020. "Productivity and Wage Effects of Firm‐Level Collective Agreements: Evidence from Belgian Linked Panel Data," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 58(4), pages 936-972, December.
    15. Addison, John T. & Teixeira, Paulino, 2019. "Strikes, employee workplace representation, unionism, and industrial relations quality in European establishments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 109-133.
    16. Pierrick Clerc, 2021. "The Dynamics of Unemployment and Inflation in New Keynesian Models with Two Labor Margins," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 53(2-3), pages 301-332, March.
    17. Clémence Berson & Edouard Jousselin, 2018. "Wage bargaining in Europe: a wide range of increasingly decentralised models since the crisis [Négociation salariale en Europe : des modèles différents, de plus en plus décentralisés depuis la cris," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 217.
    18. Hirsch, Boris & Merkl, Christian & Müller, Steffen & Schnabel, Claus, 2014. "Centralized vs. decentralized wage formation: The role of firms' production technology," Kiel Working Papers 1927, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    19. John T. Addison, 2016. "Collective bargaining systems and macroeconomic and microeconomic flexibility: the quest for appropriate institutional forms in advanced economies," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-53, December.
    20. Samuel Bentolila & Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno, 2012. "The New New Labour Market Reform in Spain: Objectives, Instruments, and Shortcomings," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(02), pages 03-07, August.
    21. José Ramón García & Valeri Sorolla, 2017. "Frictional and Non-Frictional Unemployment in a Labor Market with Matching Frictions," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 85(4), pages 450-465, July.
    22. Stefano Visintin & Alessandro Gentile, 2013. "Il mercato del lavoro in spagna: criticità e riforme strutturali in un contesto di crisi economica," ECONOMIA E SOCIET REGIONALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 0(2), pages 65-85.
    23. Cardullo, Gabriele & Conti, Maurizio & Sulis, Giovanni, 2020. "A model of unions, two-tier bargaining and capital investment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    24. Samuel Bentolila & Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno, 2012. "The New New Labour Market Reform in Spain: Objectives, Instruments, and Shortcomings," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(2), pages 03-07, 08.
    25. Morin, Annaïg, 2017. "Cyclicality of wages and union power," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 1-22.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Collective bargaining; Firm-specific shocks; Wage compression; Unemployment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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