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Linkage between crop diversity and agro-ecosystem resilience: Nonmonotonic agricultural response under alternate regimes

Author

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  • Matsushita, Kyohei
  • Yamane, Fumihiro
  • Asano, Kota

Abstract

This study investigates the dynamic linkage between crop diversity and agro-ecosystem resilience. The analysis estimates a panel data of rice farming in Japan using a time-varying transition probability Markov switching model, capturing (i) the alternate regimes of agro-ecosystems, (ii) the controlling factors affecting the regime shifts of agro-ecosystems, and (iii) the nonmonotonic response of agricultural production under alternate regimes. Results show that the effect of crop diversity on agro-ecosystem productivity differs depending on its regimes. Crop diversity increases productivity during normal periods, a normal regime, while it decreases the productivity during periods exposed to disturbances such as extreme weather events and disease and insect damage, an adverse regime. Further, we find that crop diversity enhances the agro-ecosystem resilience. Thus, it increases the likelihood of the agro-ecosystem remaining in a normal regime and staving off an adverse regime. The crop diversity loss has gradually increased in agro-ecosystems without sufficient understanding about the linkage between crop diversity and agro-ecosystem resilience. Our findings suggest the possibility that the agro-ecosystem resilience would be a key driver of sustainable agriculture under increasing uncertainties. This study gives useful insights on this issue by empirically demonstrating the effects of crop diversity on the agro-ecosystem resilience.

Suggested Citation

  • Matsushita, Kyohei & Yamane, Fumihiro & Asano, Kota, 2016. "Linkage between crop diversity and agro-ecosystem resilience: Nonmonotonic agricultural response under alternate regimes," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 23-31.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:126:y:2016:i:c:p:23-31
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.03.006
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    Cited by:

    1. Bartkowski, Bartosz, 2016. "Are diverse ecosystems more valuable? A conceptual framework for economic valuation of biodiversity," UFZ Discussion Papers 9/2016, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
    2. Bareille, François & Dupraz, Pierre, 2017. "Biodiversity Productive Capacity in Mixed Farms of North-West of France: a Multi-output Primal System," Working Papers 257261, Institut National de la recherche Agronomique (INRA), Departement Sciences Sociales, Agriculture et Alimentation, Espace et Environnement (SAE2).
    3. Bareille, Francois & Dupraz, Pierre, 2017. "Biodiversity Productive Capacity in Mixed Farms of North-West of France: a Multi-output Primal System," 2017 International Congress, August 28-September 1, 2017, Parma, Italy 261288, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Bareille, François & Dupraz, Pierre, 2016. "Biodiversity productive effects in milk farms of western France: a multi-output primal system," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 244774, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. repec:eee:ecoser:v:24:y:2017:i:c:p:50-57 is not listed on IDEAS

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