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Investigating policy and R&D effects on environmental innovation: A meta-analysis

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  • Ghisetti, Claudia
  • Pontoni, Federico

Abstract

In the last decades, a wide research effort has been devoted at the analysis of the determinants of environmental innovation (EI). Whereas agreement seemed to emerge around a cluster of determinants, mainly “Technology push”, “Market pull”, “Policy push–pull” and “firm specific factors”, empirical analyses have failed to provide strong confirmation on the relevance of some core variables. After a qualitative discussion of this literature, we empirically assess it by exploiting meta-regression-analysis techniques to test the effectiveness of two determinants: policy and R&D. Our findings are clear: as for the first, we show that only certain types of policy have proven to affect EI, in particular regulatory stringency. As for R&D, we show that the use of estimation methods is not neutral to the outcome of the primary studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghisetti, Claudia & Pontoni, Federico, 2015. "Investigating policy and R&D effects on environmental innovation: A meta-analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 57-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:118:y:2015:i:c:p:57-66
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.07.009
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    Keywords

    Meta-regression analysis; Environmental innovation; Determinants; Eco-innovation; Patents; R&D; Public policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

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