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Greening through finance?

Author

Listed:
  • Fan, Haichao
  • Peng, Yuchao
  • Wang, Huanhuan
  • Xu, Zhiwei

Abstract

This paper investigates how green credit regulation affects firms' loan conditions and their economic and environmental performance. In a simple theoretical model, with strengthened green credit regulations, banks raise loan interest rates to nonabatement firms. Firms that were formerly indifferent to pollution abatement must redetermine their abatement and production strategies. Using disaggregated firm-level data, we find that, after the reinforcement of green credit regulation, noncompliant firms saw a larger increase in interest rates, decrease in loan amounts, and more difficulty in access to loans. We further find different impacts on large and small firms in terms of their loans and their financial and economic responses. Regarding the impact on firms’ environmental performance, although all of these firms reduced their total emissions, the reductions are realized in dissimilar ways; large firms reduced their emission intensity by investing more in adopting abatement facilities, while small firms simply choose to produce less.

Suggested Citation

  • Fan, Haichao & Peng, Yuchao & Wang, Huanhuan & Xu, Zhiwei, 2021. "Greening through finance?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:152:y:2021:i:c:s0304387821000614
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2021.102683
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    Cited by:

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    2. Jing Sun & Ningning Zhai & Jichao Miao & Huaping Sun, 2022. "Can Green Finance Effectively Promote the Carbon Emission Reduction in “Local-Neighborhood” Areas?—Empirical Evidence from China," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 12(10), pages 1-13, September.
    3. Li, Jiewei & Lu, Ming & Lu, Tianyi, 2022. "Constructing compact cities: How urban regeneration can enhance growth and relieve congestion," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    4. Jing, Zhongbo & Liu, Zhidong & Qi, Liyao & Zhang, Xuan, 2022. "Spillover effects of banking systemic risk on firms in China: A financial cycle analysis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    5. Peter Lau & Angela Sze & Wilson Wan & Alfred Wong, 2022. "The Economics of the Greenium: How Much is the World Willing to Pay to Save the Earth?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 81(2), pages 379-408, February.
    6. Shiyi Chen & Xiaoxiao Ding & Pingyi Lou & Hong Song, 2022. "New evidence of moral hazard: Environmental liability insurance and firms' environmental performance," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 89(3), pages 581-613, September.
    7. Xu, Yueli & Peng, Zhan & Sun, Zhaojun & Zhan, Huanqi & Li, Shuai, 2022. "Does digital finance lessen credit rationing?—Evidence from Chinese farmers," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    8. Lee, Chi-Chuan & Lee, Chien-Chiang, 2022. "How does green finance affect green total factor productivity? Evidence from China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    9. Xu, Yong & Li, Shanshan & Zhou, Xiaoxiao & Shahzad, Umer & Zhao, Xin, 2022. "How environmental regulations affect the development of green finance: Recent evidence from polluting firms in China," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 189(C), pages 917-926.
    10. Kong, Gaowen & Wang, Shuai & Wang, Yanan, 2022. "Fostering firm productivity through green finance: Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment in China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    11. Feng Dong & Yumei Guo & Yuchao Peng & Zhiwei Xu, 2022. "Economic Slowdown and Housing Dynamics in China: A Tale of Two Investments by Firms," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 54(6), pages 1839-1874, September.
    12. Liu, Prof Haiyue & Wang, Yile & Xue, Dr Rui & Linnenluecke, Prof Martina & Cai, Dr Cynthia Weiyi, 2022. "Green Commitment and Stock Prick Crash Risk," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 47(PA).
    13. Cui, Xin & Wang, Panpan & Sensoy, Ahmet & Nguyen, Duc Khuong & Pan, Yuying, 2022. "Green Credit Policy and Corporate Productivity: Evidence from a Quasi-natural Experiment in China," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 177(C).
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    15. Gu, Leilei & Zhang, Huilin, 2022. "Stakeholder-oriented corporate investment: A catering perspective," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 48(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Green credit; Loan rate; Environmental penalty; Firm size;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • K32 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Energy, Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
    • G41 - Financial Economics - - Behavioral Finance - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making in Financial Markets

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